Some symbolic expressions for number fourteen

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Some symbolic expressions for number fourteen

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इन्द्र भुवनम् मनु मनुः शक्र शक्रः

इन्द्र — indra Monier-Williams, Monier: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1899indra m. (for etym. as given by native authorities see on ; according to

fr. «in» = «inv» with suff. «ra» preceded by inserted «d», meaning «to

subdue, conquer»; according to Muir, S. «sindra» fr. «syand», «to drop»;

more probably from «ind», «to drop» q.v., and connected with «indu»

above ), the god of the atmosphere and sky

m. the Indian Jupiter Pluvius or lord of rain (who in Vedic mythology

reigns over the deities of the intermediate region or atmosphere; he

fights against and conquers with his thunder-bolt [«vajra»] the demons of

darkness, and is in general a symbol of generous heroism; «indra» was

not originally lord of the gods of the sky, but his deeds were most useful

to mankind, and he was therefore addressed in prayers and hymns more

than any other deity, and ultimately superseded the more lofty and

spiritual Varuṇa; in the later mythology «indra» is subordinated to the

triad Brahman, Viṣṇu, and śiva, but remained the chief of all other deities

in the popular mind) &c. &c.

indra m. (he is also regent of the east quarter, and considered one of the

twelve ādityas) &c.

m. in the Vedānta he is identified with the supreme being

m. a prince

indra ifc. best, excellent, the first, the chief (of any class of objects; cf.

«surendra, rājendra, parvatendra», &c.)

m. the pupil of the right eye (that of the left being called Indrāṇī or

Indra’s wife)

m. the number fourteen, Sūryas

m. N. of a grammarian

m. of a physician

m. the plant Wrightia Antidysenterica (see «kuṭaja»)

m. a vegetable poison

m. the twenty-sixth Yoga or division of a circle on the plane of the

ecliptic

m. the Yoga star in the twenty-sixth Nakshatra, [characters] Pegasi

m. the human soul, the portion of spirit residing in the body

m. night

m. one of the nine divisions of Jambu-dvīpa or the known continent

Böhtlingk und Roth: Großes Petersburger Wörterbuch

indra Uṇ. 2, 29. mit kṛtādi zusammenges. gaṇa śreṇyādi zu P. 2, 1, 59. 1)

m. a) N. des bekannten Gottes, welcher im vedischen Glauben an der

Spitze der Götterschaaren des mittleren Reiches, des Luftkreises, steht.

Seine vorzüglichste Kraftäusserung ist der Kampf, welchen er mit dem

Donnerkeil (vajra) im Gewitter gegen die dämonischen Gewalten kämpft.

Viele andere Grossthaten von ihm werden aufgezählt und gepriesen. Er

ist im Ursprung nicht der oberste, aber der nationale Gott und Liebling der

arisch-indischen Stämme, ein Vorbild der zu edlen Zwecken thätigen

Heldenkraft und tritt mit der allmähligen Verdunkelung Varuṇa’s immer

mehr an die Spitze. In dem gemischten Göttersystem der jüngeren

indischen Zeit, in welches die drei grossen Götter aufgenommen sind, ist

er zwar jener Dreiheit untergeordnet, aber doch das Haupt des

eigentlichen Götterhimmels geblieben. NIR. 10, 8. fgg. AK. 1, 1, 1, 36.

TRIK. 3, 3, 330. H. 171. an. 2, 395. MED. r. 8. stavā nu ta indra pūrvyā

mahānyuta stavāma nūtanā kṛtāni ṚV. 2, 11, 6. 1, 32, 1. yasya

dyāvāpṛthivī pausyaṁ mahadyasya vrate varuṇo yasya sūryaḥ.

yasyendrasya sindhavaḥ saścati vratam 101, 3. nakirindra tvaduttaro na

jyāyāṁ asti vṛtrahan. nakirevā yathā tvam 4, 30, 1. indro jayāti na parā

jayātā adhirājo rājasu rājayātai AV. 6, 98, 1. Die einzelnen Mythen vgl. z.

B. in den Liedern ṚV. 2, 11 bis 15. 4, 30. 6, 20. 10, 48. 49. Indra’s Geburt

wird geschildert 4, 18. Erwähnung seiner Mutter 8, 66, 1. 2. Indra’s

Mütter als Verff. zu ṚV. 10, 153. ṚV. ANUKR. Die häufigsten Beinamen

sind maghavan, śakra, śatakratu, vṛtrahan. Seine Uebelthaten und

darauffolgende Ausschliessung vom Soma-Trunk durch die Götter AIT.

BR. 7, 28. TS. 2, 5, 1, 2. seine Krönung zum Götterkönig AIT. BR. 8, 12.

fgg. — ŚAT. BR. 1, 6, 3, 1. 4, 1. 5, 4, 1, 9. 14, 1, 1, 19. vārṣikāṁścaturo

māsānyathendro ‘bhipravarṣati M. 9, 304. devā indrapurogamāḥ R. 1, 1,

83. (adhipaḥ) marutāmindra ucyate MBH. 14, 1176. sendrā marudgaṇāḥ

R. 1, 38, 23. pālitā sā purī śreṣṭhā indreṇevāmarāvatī 6, 5. 3, 54, 14.

Hüter des Ostens AK. 1, 1, 2, 4. H. 169. M. 3, 87. 5, 96. 7, 4. mahendra 7,

7. R. 3, 18, 38. balamindro balapatiḥ (pātu) SUŚR. 1, 17, 4. 311, 7. Indra

kommt in folgenden copul. Zusammensetzungen vor: indrākutsā ṚV. 5,

31, 9. indrāgnī 1, 139, 9. 5, 46, 3. 86, 2. VS. 6, 24. indrāparvatā ṚV. 1,

122, 3. 132, 6. 3, 53, 1. indrāpūṣaṇā 7, 35, 1. AV. 6, 3, 1. indrāpūṣaṇā VS.

36, 11 (s. übrigens v. l.). indrāpūṣṇoḥ ṚV. 1, 162, 2. indrābṛhaspatī 4, 49,

1—6. VS. 7, 23. indrābrahmaṇaspatī ṚV. 2, 24, 12. indrāmarutaḥ 29, 3.

indrāvaruṇā 3, 62, 1. 4, 41, 1. 7, 35, 1. VS. 7, 23. indrāviṣṇū ṚV. 1, 155, 2.

6, 69, 2. 8, 10, 2. VS. 7, 23. indrāsomā ṚV. 6, 72, 1 — 5. 7, 35, 1.

indravāyū 1, 135, 5. 139, 1. 2, 41, 3. 10, 69, 5. VS. 7, 8. Vgl. P. 6, 3, 26. 2,

141. 142. superl. indratama Indra-«ähnlichst»: madhu hutamindratame

agnau VS. 18, 36; oder unmittelbar appellativ: «vermögendst,

bezwingendst» (vgl. aṅgirastama). anindraka adj. (loka) VIŚV. 10, 22.

Indra wird unter den 12 Āditya aufgeführt H. an. 2, 396. MED. r. 8; vgl. u.

āditya 2,b. Indra als Grammatiker SĀY. in der Einl. z. ṚV. p. 35. VOP. in

Verz. d. B. H. No. 790. BURN. Intr. 456. als Arzt MADHUS. in Ind. St. 1,

21, 3. Im Vedānta bezeichnet Indra «die höchste Gottheit» (parameśvara)

ŚKDR. Vgl. über Indra noch Ind. St. im Index. — b) «der Erste in seiner

Art, Fürst, Oberster» H. 359. surendra M. 7, 5. rājendra N. 1, 7. 2, 30. 11,

10. 19, 29. VIŚV. 12, 22. pārthivendra N. 5, 40. narendra «König» TRIK. 3,

3, 359. M. 9, 253. N. 18, 6. VIŚV. 12, 11. manujendra N. 1, 2.

manuṣyendra 22, 6. mānavendra R. 1, 5, 6. 6, 19. viprendra 18, 10.

yogīndra PAÑCAT. 242, 13. munīndra VET. 14, 13. kavīndra ŚRUT. 21.

rākṣasendra R. 1, 1, 79. gajendra N. 12, 40. dvipendra HIT. I, 96. RAGH.

2, 7. pakṣīndra R. 3, 73, 35. śukendra ŚUKAS. 45, 11. bhujaṁgendra

RAGH. 2, 74. parvatendra MBH. 1, 628. śailendra R. 3, 31, 9. mahendraṁ

sarvadevānām N. 4, 11. — c) «der Stern des rechten Auges» oder vielmehr

«das Männchen» (puruṣa), d. h. «das auf demselben sich spiegelnde

Bildchen» heisst Indra, «das im linken Auge» — Indrāṇī. Es wird aber hier

nicht sowohl eine wirkliche Benennung als vielmehr eine allegorische

Zusammenstellung des Götterpaares mit dieser Erscheinung, die im

Persischen arabic «Zwillinge» heisst, gemeint sein. ŚAT. BR. 10, 5, 2, 9.

14, 6, 11, 2. 5, 2, 3 (= BṚH. ĀR. UP. 4, 2, 2. 2, 2, 2). Dieses ist vielleicht

auch gemeint mit indra im gaṇa devapathādi (pratikṛtau saṁjñāyām) zu

P. 5, 3, 100. — d) abgekürzt für indrayava (s. d.) in indrāhva SUŚR. 2,

224, 4. = kuṭaja DHAR. im ŚKDR. Vgl. auch indravīja. — e) «ein bes.

vegetabilisches Gift» H. 1199 (nach dem Sch. auch f.). — f) N. des 26sten

Joga H. an. 2, 396. MED. r. 8. KOṢṬHĪPRADĪPA im ŚKDR. «der» Joga

«Stern im 26sten» Nakshatra, greek «Pegasi», KĀLAS. 74. — g) «Seele»

TRIK. 3, 3, 330. H. an. 2, 395. MED. — h) «Nacht» DHAR. im ŚKDR. — i)

N. eines Upadvīpa ŚABDAM. im ŚKDR. Vgl. indradvīpa. — 2) f. indrā a)

Indra’s «Gemahlin» ŚABDAR. im ŚKDR. Vgl. indrāṇī. — b) N. einer Pflanze

(phaṇijjhaka, vulg. kāṁṭājāmīra) H. an. 2, 396. MED. r. 8. wird im ŚKDR.

u. indravāruṇī mit dieser identificirt. — Die alten Ableitungen des Wortes

findet man NIR. 10, 8. Sie scheinen sämmtlich ungenügend. Man wird zu

keiner befriedigenden Lösung des Wortes kommen, so lange man das da

als wurzelhaft betrachtet. Geht man dagegen von der Wurzel in, inv aus,

an welcher sich das suff. ra mittelst eines epenthetischen da anfügt, so

ergiebt sich der vollkommen zutreffende Sinn: «Bezwinger, Bewältiger,

der Vermögende»; zu weiterer Bestätigung vgl. indriya.

indra 1) a) als Grammatiker Verz. d. Oxf. H. 175,b,1. Sp. 803, Z. 21 lies

38,16 st. 18,36. — b) makhendreṇa rājasūyena BHĀG. P. 10, 70, 41. — 3)

f. ī N. pr. eines Wesens im Gefolge der Devī WILSON, Sel. Works 2, 39.

indra 1) a) Sp. 803, Z. 3 füge 10, 73, 1 nach 8, 66, 1. 2 hinzu. Z. 21 lies

VS. 38, 16. Als Bez. «der Zahl vierzehn» SŪRYAS. 2, 53.

Mani, Vettam: Puranic Encyclopaedia. Delhi 1975

indra

Benfey, Theodor: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1866

indra indra, m.

1. The name of a deity, originally the supreme go of the Hindus. Rām.

1, 1, 83.

2. First, a king, especially as latter part of comp. words, e. g. khaga-,

m. The king of the birds, Pañc. i. d. 356; gaja-, m. A huge elephant, Nal.

12, 54 (40); jana-, m. A king (of the people), Rām. 2, 100, 14. tṛṇa-, m.

The palmyra tree, MBh. 13, 6861. deva-, m. Indra, Arj. 4, 5. naga-, m.

The Himālaya, Ragh. 2, 28. nara-, m.

1. A king, Man. 9, 253.

2. A physician, Daśak. in Chr. 187, 12. mahā-, m.

1. Indra.

2. A range of mountains, the northern part of the Ghats. mṛga-, m. A

lion. yakṣa-, m. Kuvera, the god of wealth. rākṣasa-, m. Rāvaṇa, the king

of the Rākṣasas, or demons, Rām. 3, 55, 35. rājendra, i. e. rājan-, m. An

emperor, a powerful king, Chr. 41, 5. sura-, m. Indra, Bhartṛ. 2, 11. sa-,

adj. With Indra, Rām. 3, 51, 6.

Cappeller, Carl: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, based upon the St.

Petersburg Lexicons. Strassburg : 1891

indra m. N. of the national god of the Indo-Aryans; later also chief, first,

the best of one’s kind.

Macdonell, Arthur Anthony: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1893

indra indra, m. Indra, chief of the Vedic gods; -°, highest, chief, prince of;

-kār-muka, n. Indra’s bow, rainbow;

-giri, m. N. of a mountain;

-guru, m. Indra’s teacher (Kaśyapa);

-gopa (orā), a. having Indra as a guardian; m. cochineal;

-cāpa, m. n. rainbow;

-jāla, n. Indra’s net; a mythical weapon of Arguna’s; magic;

-puruṣa, m. human phantom;

-jālika, m. magician;

-jālin, m. id.;

-jit, m. Indra’s vanquisher, N. of Rāvana’s son or father;

-jūta, pp. urged by Indra.

Bhaṭṭācārya: Vācaspatyam (6 Vol). Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series 94,

reprint of the 1873-1884 edition. Varanasi : 1962

indra pu° idi—ran . 1 parameśvare . indromāyābhiḥ pururūpa īyate śrutiḥ .

dvādāśādityamadhye 2 ādityabhede . te ca adityāṁ kaśyapenotpāditāḥ

dhātā’ryamā ca mitraśca varuṇo’ṁśurbhagastathā . indrovivasvān pūṣā ca

parjanyo daśamaḥ smṛtaḥ . tatastvaṣṭā tatoviṣṇurajaghanyo jaghanyajaḥ

viṣṇudha° . bhā° ā° 65 a° tu indrasthāne śakranāmnā paṭhitaḥ yathā

adityāṁ dvādaśādityāḥ sambhūtā bhuvaneśvarāḥ . ye

rājannāmatastāṁste kīrtayiṣyāmi bhārata! . dhātāmitro’ryabhā śakro

varuṇastvaṁśureva ca . bhago vivasvān pūṣā ca savitā daśamaḥ smṛtaḥ .

ekādaśastathā tvaṣṭā dvādaśoviṣṇu rucyate . jaghanyajastu

sarveṣāmādityānāṁ guṇādhikaḥ . kalpabhedānnāmabheda iti na virodhaḥ

. 3 kuṭajavṛkṣe 4 rātrau ca dharaṇiḥ 5 bhāratavarṣopadvīpabhede

śabdamā° indradevatāke 6 jyeṣṭānakṣatre viṣkambhādiṣu yogeṣu 7

ṣaḍviṁśe yoge chandogranthaprasiddhe ṣaṇmātrā prastāve

ādyantagurudvayena laghudvayamadhyena yute 8 caturthebhede . 9

devarāje sa ca manvantarabhedāt caturdaśavidhaḥ yathā manvantaraṁ

manurdevā manuputrāḥ sureśvaraḥ . ṛṣayo’ṁśāvatāraśca hareḥ

ṣaḍvidhamucyate bhāga° 8 ska° 1 a° . itthaṁ manvantare

ṣaḍbidhakīrtanīyamupakramya manvantarabhedena tattannāmāni

kathitāni atonāmabhedāttasya caturdaśasaṁkhyā tatroktā yathā tuṣitā

nāma te devāḥ āsan svāyambhuve’ntare . marīcimiśrāṛṣa yoyajñaḥ

suragaṇeśvaraḥ bhāga° 8 ska° 1 a° . 1 manvantare yajñaḥ . svārociṣo

dvitīyastu manuragneḥ suto’bhavat ityupakramya tatrendrorocanastvāsīt

devāśca tuṣitādayaḥ tatraiva . 2 ma° rocanaḥ . tṛtīya uttamonāma

priyavratasuto manuḥ ityupakramya satyāvedaśrutā bhadrāḥ debā

indrastu satyajit tatraiva . 3 ma° satyajit caturthauttamabhrātā

manurnāmnā ca tāmasaḥ ityu° satyakā harayo vīrā devāstriśikha īśvaraḥ

tatraiva . īśvaraindraḥ śrīdharaḥ . 4 ma° triśikhaḥ . pañcamo raivatonāma

manustāmasasodaraḥ ityu° vibhurindraḥ śuragaṇā rājan! bhūtarayādayaḥ

tatraiva 5 a° . 5 ma° vibhurnāma . ṣaṣṭhaśca cakṣuṣaḥ putraścākṣuṣo

nāma vai manuḥ ityu° indro mantradrumastatra devā āsyādayo matāḥ

tatraiva 5 a° . 6 ma° mantradrumaḥ . manurvivasvataḥ putraḥ

śrāddhadeva iti śrutaḥ . saptamo varta māno’yam ityupa°

ādityāvasavorudrā viśve devā marudgaṇāḥ . aśvināvṛbhavo

rājannindrasteṣāṁ purandaraḥ . tatraiva a° 13 . 7 ma° purandaraḥ .

aṣṭame’ntara āyāte sāvarṇirbhavitā manuḥ ityu° tatra devāḥ sutapaso

virajā amṛtaprajāḥ . teṣāṁ virocanasuto balirindro bhaviṣyati 13 a° . 8

ma° valiḥ . navamo dakṣasāvarṇirmanurvaruṇasambhavaḥ ityupa°

paromarīcigarbhādyā devā indraḥ śrutaḥ smṛtaḥ tatraiva 13 a° . 9 ma°

śrutaḥ . daśamobrahmasāvarṇirupaślokasutomahān ityu°

suvāsanaviruddhādyā devāḥ śagbhuḥ sureśvaraḥ 13 a° . 10 ma° śambhuḥ

. manurvai dharmasāvarṇirekādaśama ātmavān ityu°

vihaṅgamāḥkāmagamānirvāṇarucayaḥ surāḥ . indrastu vaidhṛtasteṣā

mṛṣayaścāruṇādayaḥ 13 a° . 11 ma° vaidhṛtaḥ . bhavitā

rudrasāvarṇirnāma dvādaśamī manuḥ ityu° ṛtadhāmā ca deveśo devāśca

haritādayaḥ 13 a° . 11 ma° ṛtadhāmā . manustrayodaśobhavyo

vedasāvarṇirātmavān ityupa° devāḥ sukarmasūtrāmasaṁjñā

indrodivaspatiḥ 13 a° . 13 ma° divaspatiḥ . manurvā

indrasāvarṇiścaturdaśama eṣyati ityu° pavitrāścākṣuṣādevāḥ śucirindro

bhaviṣyati 13 a° . 14 ma° śuciḥ . purāṇantarādau nāmāntarāṇi caturdaśa

kalpabhedādaviruddhāni . vistarabhayāttani nīktāni .

evaṁśakranāmasaṁkhyāsāmyāt 10 caturdaśasaṁkhyāyām . sa ca

śacīpatiḥ vṛtrādihantā, pūrvadigpālaḥ, vṛṣṭidāyakaḥ, amareśaḥ

meṣavṛṣaṇaḥ tasya putro jayantaḥ, vanaṁ nandanaṁ hayauccaiḥśravāḥ

gajaairāvataḥ, purī amarāvatī netrāṇi sahasraṁ vajramastram harīvāhaḥ .

vivṛtistattacchabde dṛśyā . tasyānekavidhāni kāryāṇi purāṇādau varṇitāni

vistarabhayānnoktāni manukālaparyantaṁ tasyādhikārakālastatsamāptau

tasya prajāpateḥ sakāśāt brahmavidyāprāpteragre vakṣyamāṇatvāt

kaivalyaprāptiḥ yoyo devānāṁ pratyabudhyata ityādiśruteḥ . ityetat

nānāśāstraśrutītihāseṣu prasiddham svakālamadhye’pi

tvaṣṭṛputraviśvarūpabadhajanitabrahmahatyāskandanabhiyā tasya

svapadacyutiḥ . tatpāpasya vibhajyānyatra saṁkrāmase punaḥ

svapadaprāptiḥ . asurādibhirapi balādhikyavaśāt taṁ yudhi nirjitya

kiyatkālaparyantaṁ tatpade’dhikāritā prāptā ityapi purāṇādau prasiddham

jitvā ca sakalān devān indro’bhūnmahiṣāsuraḥ devīmā°

śatāśvamedhakaraṇe anyasyāpi indratvaprāptiyogyatetyatra

indralokaśabde pramāṇaṁ vakṣyate .

indaśca prajāpatisakāśāt ekaśatavarṣaṁ brahmacaryācaraṇena

brahmavidyāṁ prāpeti chā° u° varṇitaṁ yathā yadāhurekaśataṁ haikaṁ

varṣāṇi maghavān prajāpatau brahmacaryamuvāsa tasmai hīvāca .

maghavan! martyaṁ vā idaṁ śarīramāttaṁ mṛtthunā

tadasyāmṛtasyāśarīrasyātmano’dhiṣṭhānamātmā vai saśarīraḥ

priyāpriyābhyāmātto na vai saśarīrasya sataḥ

priyāpriyayorapahatirastyaśarīraṁ vāva santaṁ na priyāpriye spṛśataḥ

ityādi . maghavan! marthaṁ vai maraṇadharmi śarīram .

yanmanyase’kṣyādhārādilakṣaṇaḥ samprasādalakṣaṇa ātmā mayokto

vināśamevāpīto bhavatīti . śṛṇu tatra kāraṇam . yadidaṁ śarīraṁ vai

paśyasi tadetanmartyaṁ vināśi . taccāttaṁ mṛtyunā grastaṁ

santatameva . kadācideva mriyata iti martyamityukte na tathā santrāso

bhavati yathā grastameva sadā vyāptameva mṛtyunetthukte iti

vairagyārthaṁ viśeṣa ityucyate āttaṁ mṛtyuneti . kathaṁ nāma

dehābhimānato viraktaḥ sannivartata iti . śarīramityatra

sahendriyamanobhirucyate . taccharīramasya samprasādasya

tristhānatayā gamyamānasyāmṛtasya

maraṇādidehendriyamanodharmavarjitasyetyetat .

amṛtasyetyavenaivāśarīratve siddhe punaraśarīrasyeti vacanaṁ

vāyvādivatsāvayavatvamūrtimattve mā bhūtāmiti . ātmano

bhogādhiṣṭhānam ātmano vā sata

īkṣitustejo’bannādikrameṇotpannamadhiṣṭhānam jīvarūpeṇa praviṣya

sadevādhitiṣṭhatyasminniti vāghiṣṭhānam . yasyedamīdṛśaṁ nityameva

mṛtyugrastaṁ dharmādharmajanitatvātpriyāpriyavadadhiṣṭhānaṁ

tadadhiṣṭhitastadbān saśarīro bhavati .

aśarīrasvabhāvasyātmanastadebā’haṁ śarīraṁ śarīrameva

cāhamityavivekādātmabhāvaḥ saśarīratvam . ata eva saśarīraḥ sannātto

grastaḥ priyāpriyābhyām . prasiddhametat tasya ca na vai saśarīrasya

sataḥ

priyāpriyayorbāhyaviṣayasaṁyīgaviyogayornimittayorbāhyasaṁyogaviyoga

u mameti manyamānasyāpahatirvināśa ucchedaḥ santatirūpayornāstīti .

taṁ punardehābhimānādaśarīrasvarūpavijñānena

nirvartitavivekajñānamaśarīraṁ santaṁ priyā’priye na spṛśataḥ . spṛśiḥ

pratyekaṁ sambadhyate priyaṁ na spṛśatyapriyaṁ na spṛśatīti

vākyadvayaṁ bhavati . na mlecchāśucyadhārmikaiḥ saha sambhāṣeteti

yadvat . dharmādharmakārye hitāhite, yato’śarīratā etatsvarūpamiti .

tatra dharmādharmayorasambhavāttatkāryabhāvo dūrata evetyato na

priyāpriye spṛśataḥ . nanu yadi priyamapyaśarīraṁ na spṛśatīti

yanmaghavatoktaṁ suṣuptasya vināśamevāpīto bhavatīti

tadevehāpyāpannam . naiṣa doṣo dharmādharmakāryayoḥ

śarīrasambandhinoḥ priyāpriyayoḥ pratiṣedhasya vivakṣitatvāt aśarīraṁ

na priyāpriye spṛśataḥ ityādiśrutyā . āgamāpāyinorhi sparśaśabdo dṛṣṭo

yathā śītasparśa uṣṇasparśa iti . na tvagneruṣṇaprakāśayoḥ

svabhāvabhūtayoragninā sparśa eva bhavati . tathāgneḥ

saviturvoṣṇaprakāśavatsvarūpabhūtasya nityasya priyasyāpi neha

pratiṣedho vijñānamānandam ānando brahmeti śrutibhyaḥ ihāpi bhūmaiva

sukham ityuktatvāt bhā° . ityupakramya bahūpadeśaḥ kṛtaḥ .

prapañcastatra dṛśyaḥ .

indraśca devānāṁ madhye’tiśayena brahmavittamaḥ tathāhi .

kenopaniṣadi asuravijaye devānāṁ mahimābhimāne jāte

tadabhimānāpanodanārthaṁ yakṣabhūtenāvirbhūtena parabrahmaṇā

agnivāṣvorabhimānanirasane tayīrnivṛttau dṛḍhabhaktimindraṁ pratyeva

haimavatyupadeśena tasyātiśayamahimā sūcitaḥ tato digmātraṁ

tadbhāṣyañcadarśyate . brahma ha devebhyo vijigye tasya ha brahmaṇo

vijaye devā amahīyamta ta aikṣantāsmākamevāyaṁ

vijayo’smākamevāyaṁ mahimeti taddhaiṣāṁ vijajñau tebhyo ha

prādurbabhūva tanna vyajānanta kimidaṁ yakṣamiti . te’gnimabruvan

jātavedaḥ! etadvijānīhi kimetadyakṣamiti tatheti

tadabhyadravattamabhyavadat ko’sīti agnirvā’hamasmītyabravījjātavedā

vā ahamasmīti . tasmiṁstvayi kiṁ vīryamityapīdaṁ sarvaṁ daheyaṁ

yadidaṁ pṛthivyāmiti . tasmai tṛṇaṁ nidadhāvetaddaheti tadupa preyāya

sarvajavena tanna śaśāka dagdhuṁ sa tata eva nivavṛte naitadaśakaṁ

vijñātuṁ yadetadyakṣamiti ke° u° . evaṁ

vāyorapyabhimānanirasanamupavarṇya

athendramabruvanmaghavannetadvijānīhi kimetadyakṣamiti tatheti

tadabhyadravattattasmāttirodadhe . sa tasminnevākāśe striyamājagāma

bahuśobhamānāmumāṁ haivavatīṁ tāṁ hovāca kimetadyakṣamiti . sā

brahmeti hovāca brahmaṇo vā etadvijaye mahīyadhvamiti tato haiva

vidāñcakāra brahmeti . yasmādvā ete devā atitarāmivānyāndevān

yadagnirvāyurindraste hyena nnediṣṭhaṁ pasparśuste hyenat prathamo

vidāñcakāra brahmeti tasmādvā indro’titarāmivānyān sa

hyenannediṣṭhaṁ pasparśa sa hyenat prathamo vidāñcakāra brahmeti

ke° u° . tathendramabruvanmaghavannetadvijānīhi ityādipūrva vadindraḥ

parameśvaromaghavān balavattvāttatheni

tadabhyadravattasmādindrādātmasamīpagatāttadbrahma tirodaghe

tirobhūtamindratvābhimāno’titarāṁ nirākartavya ityataḥ

saṁvādamātramapi nādāt brahmendrāya .

tadyatra yasminnākāśe ākāśapradeśeātmānaṁ darśayitvā

tiromūtamindraśca brahmaṇastirodhānakāle yasminnākāśe āsīt sa

indrastasminnevākāśe tasthau . kiṁ tadyakṣabhiti dhyāyanna

nivavṛte’gnyādivattasyeti yakṣe bhaktiṁ buddhā vidyā umārūpiṇī

prādurbhūtā strīrūpā . sa indrastāmumāṁ sarveṣāṁ hi śobhamānānāṁ

śomanatamāṁ vidyāṁ tadā bahuśobhamāneti

viśeṣaṇamupapannambhavati . haivavatī hemakṛtābharaṇavatīmiva

bahuśobhāmānāmityarthaḥ . athavā umaiva himavato duhitā haimavatī

nityameva sarvajñena īśvareṇa sā vartata iti jñātuṁ samarthā iti kṛtvā

tāmupajagāma indrastāṁ ha umāṁ kilovāca papraccha brūhi

kimetaddarśayitvā tirobhūtaṁ yakṣamiti . sā brahmeti hovāca ha kila

brahmaṇa īśvarasyaiva vijaye īśvareṇaiva jitā asurā yūyaṁ tatra

nimittamātraṁ tasyaiva vijaye yūyaṁ mahīyadhvaṁ mahimānaṁ

prāpnutha . etaditi kriyāviśeṣaṇārtham . mithyāmimānaśca yuṣmākameva

mahimeti . tatastasmādumāvākyāddha eva vidāñcakāra vrakte

tīndro’vadhāraṇāttato haiveti na svātantryeṇa . yasmādagnivāyvindrā ete

devā brahmaṇaḥ saṁvādadarśanādinā

samīpamupagatāstasmādaiśvaryaguṇairatitarāmiva

śaktiguṇādibhirmahābhyāgyairanyāndevānatitarāmatiśayena śerate ivaite

devāḥ . ivaśabdo’narthako’vadhāraṇārtho vā . yadagnirvāyurindraste hi

devā yasmādetadbrahma nediṣṭhamantikaṁ samīpaṁ priyatamaṁ

pasparśuḥ spṛṣṭavanto yathoktairbrahmaṇaḥ saṁvādādiprakāraiste hi

yasmācca hetorenadbrahma prathamaḥ prathamāḥ pradhānāḥ santa

ityetadvidāñcakāra vidāñcakrurityetadbrahmeti . yasmādagnivāyū

apīndravākyādeva vidāñcakratuḥ indreṇa hyumāvākyātprathamaṁ śrutaṁ

brahmetyatastasmādvai indro’titarāmatiśayena śete ivānyāndevān, sa

hyetannediṣṭhaṁ pasparśa yasmātsa hyenatprathamo vidāñcakāra

brahmeti bhā° 11 antarātmani indiyamindraliṅgamityādi pā° 12

aiśvaryānvite tri° . bhāve ran . 13 aiśvarye . 14 indra vāruṇyāṁ strī ṭāp .

rājani° . indrāyendo! pavasvate ṛ° 9, 64, 22 . tadindrasandiṣṭamupendra!

yadvacaḥ māghaḥ! . harī indrasya niru° . 15 nṛpamātre

mahīmahendrastamavekṣya sakṣaṇam naiṣa° . rāṣṭrasyaitat kṛtyatamaṁ

rājñāṁ caivābhiṣecanam . anindramabalaṁ

rāṣṭraṁdasyavo’bhibhavantyuta bhā° śā° 67 a°

devatādvandveuttarapadasthasya nendrasya parasya na vṛddhiḥ

āgnendram karma si° kau° liṅgādyarthe gha . indriyam . indriyaśabde

vivṛtiḥ . indrojīvikāsya depapathā° kan tasya lup . indrastanmūrtijīvikāvati

lupi vyaktivacanatvāt pu° . indrodevatā’sya aṇ . indradevatāke havirādau

aindraṁ dadhyamāvasyāyām śrutiḥ . striyāṁ ṅīp . aindryā

gārhapatyamupatiṣṭhate śrutiḥ . aindrītamasureśvaram devīmā° aindrī dik

upamitasamāse uttarapadadasthaḥ śreṣṭhaṁtvadyotakaḥ manujendraḥ

vāraṇendra ityādi .

भुवनम् — bhuvanam Apte, Vaman Shivaram: The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Poona :1890

bhuvanam [bhavatyatra, bhū-ādhārādau-kyun]

(1) A world; the number of worlds is either three, as in tribhuvana, or

fourteen; iha hi bhuvanānyanye dhīrāścaturdaśa bhuṁjate Bh. 3. 23 (see

loka also); bhuvanālokanaprītiḥ Ku. 2. 45; bhuvanaviditaṁ Me. 6.

(2) The earth.

(3) Heaven.

(4) A being, living creature.

(5) Man, mankind.

(6) Water.

(7) The number ‘fourteen’.

(8) Abode, residence (Ved.).

(9) Becoming prosperous.

— Comp.

—īśaḥ a lord of the earth, king.

—īśvaraḥ 1. a king. —2. N. of Śiva.

—okas m. a god.

—kośaḥ the receptacle of beings.

—trayaṁ the three worlds (the earth, atmosphere, and heaven; or

heaven, earth, and lower regions).

—pāvanī an epithet of the Ganges.

—bhartṛ m. the supporter of the earth.

—śāsin m. a king, ruler.

मनु — manu Monier-Williams, Monier: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1899manu mfn. thinking, wise, intelligent

manu m. «the thinking creature(?)», man, mankind (also as opp. to evil

spirits ; the ṛibhus are called «manor napātaḥ», the sons of man, iii, 60, 3)

manu m. the Man par excellence or the representative man and father of

the human race (regarded in the as the first to have instituted sacrifices

and religious ceremonies, and associated with the ṛiṣis Kaṇva and Atri; in

the described as dividing his possessions among some of his sons to the

exclusion of one called Nābhā-nediṣṭha q.v.; called Sāṁvaraṇa as author

of ; āpsava as author of 106, 7-9; in ; but the name Manu is esp. applied

to 14 successive mythical progenitors and sovereigns of the earth,

described see «manv-antara» below; the first is called Svāyambhuva as

sprung from «svayam-bhū», the Self-existent, and described in 12, 34 as

a sort of secondary creator, who commenced his work by producing 10

Prajāpatis or Maharshis, of whom the first was «marīci», Light; to this

Manu is ascribed the celebrated «code of Manu» see «manu-saṁhitā», and

two ancient Sūtra works on Kalpa and Gṛihya i.e. sacrificial and domestic

rites; he is also called Hairaṇyagarbha as son of Hiraṇya-garbha, and

Prācetasa, as son of Pra-cetas; the next 5 Manus are called Svārociṣa,

Auttami, Tāmasa, Raivata, Cākṣuṣa cf. 208 n. 1; the 7th Manu, called

«vaivasvata», Sun-born, or from his piety, «satya-vrata», is regarded as

the progenitor of the present race of living beings, and said, like the Noah

of the Old Testament, to have been preserved from a great flood by Viṣṇu

or Brahmā in the form of a fish: he is also variously described as one of

the 12 ādityas, as the author of , as the brother of Yama, who as a son of

he Sun is also called Vaivasvata, as the founder and first king of Ayodhyā,

and as father of Ilā who married Budha, son of the Moon, the two great

solar and lunar races being thus nearly related to each other see 344;

373; the 8th Manu or first of the future Manus accord. to , will be Sāvarṇi;

the 9th Daksha-sāvarṇi; the 12th Rudra-sāvarṇi; the 13th Raucya or

Deva-sāvarṇi; the 14th Bhautya or Indra-sāvarṇi)

manu m. thought (= «manas»)

manu m. a sacred text, prayer, incantation, spell (= «mantra»)

manu m. N. of an Agni

manu m. of a Rudra

manu m. of Kṛiśāśva

manu m. of an astronomer

manu m. (pl.) the mental Powers

manu m. N. of the number «fourteen» (on account of the 14 Manus)

manu f. Manu’s wife (= «manāvī») ; Trigonella Corniculata ‘manna’;

Germ. ‘Mannus’, son of ‘Tuisto’ [TM], mentioned by Tacitus, in his wk.

‘Germania’, as the mythical ancestor of the West-Germans, ‘mann’,

‘man’; Angl. Sax. ‘man’; Eng. ‘man’.]

manu &c. see p.784, col.2.

Böhtlingk und Roth: Großes Petersburger Wörterbuch

manu (von man) UṆĀDIS. 1, 11. 3 Mal oxytonirt in der Verbindung

manāvadhi ṚV. 8, 61, 2. 9, 63, 8. 65, 16. 1) m. a) «Mensch» ŚABDAR. im

ŚKDR. sg. coll. «Menschheit»: manorviśvasya ghedime rāya īśate ṚV. 8,

47, 4. mṛtyubandhavo manavaḥ smasi 18, 22. 27, 14. 21. prajā manūnām

1, 96, 2. manu, jana 130, 5. 2, 19, 4. prārocayanmanave ketumahnām 3,

34, 4. manoryajñiyāḥ (devāḥ) 10, 36, 10. 46, 9. 51, 5.

avindajjyotirmanave haviṣmate 43, 8. yena jyotīṁṣyāyave manave ca

viveditha 8, 15, 5. 4, 26, 4. indro apo manave sasrutaskaḥ 28, 1. VS. 15,

49. TAITT. ĀR. 1, 4, 3. deveddha, manviddha AIT. BR. 2, 34. «Mann» ṚV.

10, 62, 8. grāmaṇīrmā riṣanmanuḥ 11. Im Gegensatz zu dämonischen

Wesen: manave śāsadavratāntvacaṁ kṛṣṇāmarandhayat 1, 130, 8. hantā

dasyormanorvṛdhaḥ 8, 87, 6. 9, 92, 5. ye manuṁ cakruruparaṁ dasāya 6,

21, 11. die Ṛbhu heissen «Menschensöhne»: manornapātaḥ 3, 60, 3. — b)

Manu, «der Mensch im ausgezeichneten Sinne, Vater der Menschen» ṚV.

1, 80, 16. yāni manuravṛṇītā pitā naḥ 2, 33, 13. 8, 52, 1. 10, 100, 5. AV.

14, 2, 41. grāmaṇī TBR. 1, 1, 4, 8 (vgl. ṚV. 10, 62, 11). TS. 1, 5, 1, 3. 7,

5, 15, 3. von Prajāpati zum König gesalbt AIT. BR. 8, 7. Varuṇa, Prājāpati,

Manu TBR. 2, 2, 5, 3. manuḥ prajātiṁ bhū- mānamagacchat PAÑCAV. BR.

13, 3, 15. manurmanuṣyāṁśca tathā janayāmāsa R. 3. 20, 30. erster

Opferer: ni tvāmagne manurdadhe jyotirjanāya śaśvate ṚV. 1, 36, 19 (vgl.

5, 21, 1). 7, 2, 3. yebhyo hotrāṁ prathamāmāyeje manuḥ samiddhāgniḥ

10, 63, 7. 53, 6. 69, 3. yathāpavathā manave vayodhāḥ 9, 96, 12.

yāmatharvā manuṣpitā dadhya- ṅdhiyamatnata 1, 80, 16. TS. 5, 4, 10, 5.

Erfinder religiöser Cerimonien TBR. 1, 5, 6, 3. TS. 1, 7, 1, 3. 2, 5, 9, 1. 6,

7, 1. 3, 3, 2, 1. 5, 4, 10, 5. 6, 6. 6, 1. KĀṬH. 8, 15. ŚAT. BR. 1, 1, 4, 14.

fgg. 4, 2, 5. 5, 1, 7. 6, 2, 5, 3. Manu und die Fluth 1, 8, 1, 1. fgg.

manurevodaśiṣyata KĀṬH. 11, 2. MATSJOP. 1. fgg. mano- ravasarpaṇam

ŚAT. BR. 1, 8, 1, 8. Neben andern Ṛṣi genannt: Kaṇva, Atri, Manu ṚV. 1,

139, 9. Śāyu, Atri, Manu 112, 6. ahaṁ manurabhavaṁ sūryaścāhaṁ

kakṣīvāṁ ṛṣirasmi (sagt Indra; nach SĀY. so v. a. prajāpati) 4, 26, 1.

yābhirmanuṁ śūramiṣā samāvatam 1, 112, 18. vertheilt seine Habe an

seine Söhne, unter denen Nābhānediṣṭha ist, AIT. BR. 5, 14. TS. 3, 1, 9,

4. seine Nachkommenschaft die Viśve10 devāḥ u.s.w. HARIV. 12478. fgg.

(pātu) balamindro balapatirmanurmanye matiṁ tathā SUŚR. 1, 17, 4.

Manu wird zu den göttlichen Wesen des oberen Gebietes gezahlt NAIGH.

5, 6. NIR. 12, 33. heisst Prajāpati (= manvantarakārin Schol.) VS. 11, 66.

manoraśvāsi 37, 12; vgl. ŚAT. BR. 14, 1, 3, 25. Es werden Ma- nu’s mit

vielerlei patronymischen Bezeichnungen genannt: a) Sāṁva- raṇa oder

Sāṁvaraṇi; Indra trinkt bei ihm Soma VĀLAKH. 3, 1. Liedverfasser von

ṚV. 9, 101. — b) Vivasvant oder Vaivasvata: yathā manau vivasvati

somaṁ śakrāpibaḥ sutam VĀLAKH. 4, 1. AV. 8, 10, 24.

manorvaivasvatasya manuṣyā viśaḥ ĀŚV. ŚR. 10, 7. ŚAT. BR. 13, 4, 3, 3.

er ist Sohn des Āditya und eines der Saraṇyū gleichenden Weibes oder

weiblichen Trugbildes (tatsavarṇāṁ chāyāprabhavāṁ kṛtvā DURGA) NIR.

12, 10. Liedverfasser von ṚV. 8, 27, 31. vivasvant, manu, ikṣvāku

BHAG.4,1. R.1,70,20. HARIV. 2953. RAGH.1,11. Verz. d. Oxf. H. 41,b,40.

52,a,12. 56,b,3. Bruder Jama’s MBH. 1, 3137. fgg. manave sūryaputrāya

12, 6187. baut Ayodhyā R. 1, 5, 6. erster König 6, 4. RAGH. 4, 7. RĀJA-

TAR. 4, 640. Ilā (s. u. iḍā 6.) ist eine Tochter des Manu Āditya MBH. 13,

6831. Manu unter den 12 Āditya HARIV. 11549. — x) Vāsiṣṭha,

Liedverfasser von ṚV. 9, 97. — d) Tāpasa, Liedverfasser von ṚV. 10, 83.

84. — e) Āpsava, Liedverfasser von ṚV. 9, 106. — z) Svāyaṁbhuva NIR. 3,

4. Gatte der Śatarūpā HARIV. 57. VP. 51. BHĀG. P. 3, 12, 52. 13, 6.

angeblicher Verfasser eines Gesetzbuchs M. 1, 61. 63. 102. 6, 54. 8, 124.

9, 158. YĀJÑ. 1, 4. eines Kalpasūtra HALL 164. er heisst auch Hairaṇ-

jagarbha oder «Sohn» Hiraṇyagarbha’s M. 3, 194. HARIV. 12440. Prā-

ketasa MBH. 12, 2089. Prajāpati M. 10, 78. 12, 123. In der späteren

Chronologie eröffnet M. Svāyaṁbhuva die Reihe der Manu, von denen

jeder einer bestimmten grossen Zeitperiode (s. manvantara) vorsteht und

in dieser als Schöpfer und Erhalter der Geschöpfe auftritt. Die ältere Zeit

kennt nur sieben solcher Manu M. 1, 63. MBH. 13, 991. es sind dies:

Svāyaṁbhuva, Svārociṣa, Auttami (später auch Uttama ge- nannt),

Tāmasa (vgl. oben tāpasa u. greek), Raivata, Cākṣuṣa und Vaivasvata (s.

oben u. greek) M. 1, 61. fg. Später werden noch sieben zukünftige Manu

angereiht SŪRYAS.1,19. 22. 45. VP. 23. Verz. d. Oxf. H. 25,a,27. 53,b,41.

ihre Namen lauten: Sāvarṇi (Sāvarṇa die neuere Ausg.), Bhautja, Raucya

und vier Merusāvarṇa HARIV. 409. fgg. Sāvarṇi, Dakṣasāvarṇi,

Brahmasāvarṇi, Dharma- sāvarṇi, Rudrasāvarṇi, Raucya und Bhautja VP.

259. fgg. statt der beiden letzten Devasāvarṇi und Indrasāvarṇi BHĀG. P.

8, 13, 1. fgg. Daher ist manavaḥ eine Bez. für die Zahl «vierzehn»

SŪRYAS. 1, 43. 2, 34. 8, 2. vor dem Manvantara des Svāyaṁbhuva noch

zwei HA- RIV. 51. fgg. (52 liest die neuere Ausg. dvitīyamāpavasyaivaṁ).

Svāyaṁbhu- va’s Periode währt 71 Juga 57. vier Manu (vom Scholiasten

anders erklärt) BHAG. 10, 6. Manu unter den Rudra VP. 59, N. 4. BHĀG.

P. 3, 12, 12. ein Agni MBH. 3, 14180. mit Viṣṇu identificirt (vgl.

manuśreṣṭha) TRIK. 1, 1, 32 (ŚKDR. und WILSON nach ders. Aut. «ein

best.» Jina). Sohn Kṛśāśva’s BHĀG. P. 6, 6, 20. Astronom Ind. St. 2, 247.

Verz. d. B. H. No. 862. — c) = mananaśakti (Comm.) TBR. 2, 3, 8, 3.

«Gedanke» (manas VS. 9, 7) KĀṬH. 13, 14. 14, 6. TS. 1, 7, 7, 2. TBR. 1, 3,

5, 3. NIR. 1, 5. pl. «die Geisteskräfte» (= antaḥkaraṇāni Schol.) BHĀG. P.

6, 4, 25. — d) = mantra «Spruch, Gebet, Zauberformel» JAṬĀDH. im

ŚKDR. WEBER, RĀMAT. UP. 308. 316. 344. 354. PAÑCAR.1,9,9.

11,27.3,3,2. 8. Verz. d. B. H. No. 1314. Verz. d. Oxf. H. 93,b,1. 98,a,10.

fgg. 99,b,2. 105,a,10.b,36. PRATĀPAR. 61,a (s. u. pratīti 2.). manu MBH.

1, 52 von einigen Erklärern, aber wohl mit Unrecht, in dieser Bedeutung

aufgefasst. — 2) adj. so v. a. «verständig» (nach Comm.) VS. 15, 49. ŚAT.

BR. 8, 6, 3, 18. — 3) f. a) Manu’s «Gattin» AK. 3, 6, 5, 38. P. 4, 1, 38, Sch.

— b) «Trigonella corniculata Lin.» RĀJAN. im ŚKDR. — Vgl. bṛhanmanu,

vṛddha-, manus.

Mani, Vettam: Puranic Encyclopaedia. Delhi 1975

manu 1 I See under Manvantara.

manu 2 II Son of the Agni Pāñcajanya. Pāñcajanya had three wives

Suprajā, Bṛhadbhāsā and Niśā. He got of his first two wives six sons and

of his third wife Niśā, a daughter and seven sons. (Chapter 223, Vana

Parva).

manu 3 III A celestial maiden born to Kaśyapa of Pradhā. (Chapter 59,

Verse 44, Ādi Parva).

Benfey, Theodor: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1866

manu manu, curtailed manus, q. cf.

I. m.

1. A man.

2. Manu, the progenitor of mankind, Man. 1, 1; 36 (Chr. 297, 16 =

Rigv. i. 112, 16).

II. f. manāvī and manāgi, The wife of Manu.

Cappeller, Carl: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, based upon the St.

Petersburg Lexicons. Strassburg : 1891

manu m. man, coll. mankind (also manu in manāvadhi); N. of a class of

divine beings (in later times thought to be 7), esp. of the father of

mankind & suppositious author of a law-book.

Macdonell, Arthur Anthony: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1893

manu man-u, a. wise (V.); m. man, coll. mankind (V.); thought (pl.

mental powers); prayer, spell; N. of a divine being, progenitor or

mankind; the most common among the many patronymic terms applied

to him are Vaivasvata, Svāyaṁbhuva, and Hairaṇyagarbha. In post-Vedic

chronology seven Manus are assumed, each of whom presides over a

cosmic period (manu+antara), acting in it as creator and preserver of

beings; still later seven more Manus are added..

Bhaṭṭācārya: Vācaspatyam (6 Vol). Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series 94,

reprint of the 1873-1884 edition. Varanasi : 1962

manu strī mana u . 1 pṛkkāyām (piḍiṅgaśāka) rājani° . 2 manupatnyāñca

3 prajāpatibhede, 4 dhamaśāstrakartari khāyambhuvādau munibhede ca

pu° . manavaśca caturdaśa te ca harivaṁ° 7 a° uktā dṛśyāḥ .

मनुः — manuḥ Apte, Vaman Shivaram: The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Poona :1890

manuḥ [man-u Uṇ. 1. 10]

(1) N. of a celebrated personage regarded as the representative man

and father of the human race (sometimes regarded as one of the divine

beings).

(2) Particularly, the fourteen successive progenitors on sovereigns of

the earth mentioned in Ms. 1. 63. (The first Manu called

svapyaṁbhuvamanu is supposed to be a sort of secondary creator, who

produced the ten Prajāpatis or Maharshis and to whom the code of laws

known as Manusmriti is ascribed. The seventh Manu called

vaivasvatamanu, being supposed to be born from the sun, is regarded as

the progenitor of the present race of living beings and was saved from a

great flood by Viṣṇu in the form of a fish, cf. matsyāvatāra; he is also

regarded as the founder of the solar race of kings who ruled at Ayodhyā;

see U. 6. 18; R. 1. 11. The names of the fourteen Manus in order are: —1

svāyaṁbhuva, 2 svārociṣa, 3 auttami, 4 tāmasa, 5 raivata, 6 cākṣuṣa 7

vaivasvata, 8 sāvarṇi, 9 dakṣasāvarṇi, 10 brahmasāvarṇi, 11

dharmasāvarṇi, 12 rudrasāvarṇi, 13 raucya-daivasāvarṇi and 14 iṁdrasa

varṇi).

(3) A symbolical expression for the number ‘fourteen’.

(4) A man, mankind (opp. evil spirits).

(5) Thought, thinking or mental faculty (Ved.).

(6) A proyer, sacred text or sped (maṁtra). —nuḥ f. The wife of Manu.

— Comp.

—aṁtaraṁ the period or age of a Manu; (this period, according to

Ms. 1. 79, comprises 4, 320,000 human years or (1/14) th day of Brahmā,

the fourteen Manvantaras making up one whole day; each of these

fourteen, periods is supposed to be presided over by its own Manu; six

such periods have already passed away; we are at present living in the

seventh, and seven more are yet to come).

—jaḥ a man, mankind. -adhipaḥ, -adhipatiḥ, -īśvaraḥ -patiḥ, -rājaḥ

a king, sovereign. -lokaḥ the world of men, i. e. the earth.

—jā a woman.

—jātaḥ a man.

—jyeṣṭhaḥ a sword.

—praṇīta a. taught or expounded by Manu

—bhūḥ a man. mankind.

—rāj m. an epithet of Kubera.

—śreṣṭhaḥ an epithet of Viṣṇu.

—saṁhitā the code of laws ascribed to the first Manu, the

institutes of Manu.

Rādhākāntadeva: Śabdakalpadruma (5 Vol). Third edition, reprint of the

1886 edition. Varanasi : 1967

manuḥ strī, (man + śṝsvṛsnihīti . uṇā° 1 . 11 . iti uḥ .) pṛkkā . iti

rājanirghaṇṭaḥ .. (manoḥ patnīti . manu + manorau vā . 4 . 1 . 38 . ityatra

vā grahaṇena dbāvapi vikalpyete . tena trairūpyaṁ bhavati . manoḥ strī

manāyī manāvī manuḥ . iti kāśikokteḥ pakṣe ṅībabhāvaḥ .) manupatnī . iti

liṅgādisaṁgrahe amaraḥ ..

manuḥ puṁ, (manyate iti . mana + śṝsvṛsnihīti . uṇā° 1 . 11 . iti uḥ .)

brahmaṇaḥ puttraḥ . sa ca prajāpatirdharmaśāstravaktā ca . iti

liṅgādisaṁgrahe amaraḥ .. manuṣyaḥ . iti śabdaratnāvalī .. (yathā, ṛgvede

. 8 . 47 . 4 .

manorviśvasya ghedima ādityārāya īśate’nehaso vaūtayaḥ suūtayo

vaūtayaḥ .. manoḥ manuṣyasya . iti tadbhāṣye sāyanaḥ ..) jinabhedaḥ . iti

trikāṇḍaśeṣaḥ .. mantraḥ . iti jaṭādharaḥ .. (yathā, gautamīyatantre . 7 . 5

.

gohiraṇyakavastrādyaistoṣayed gurumātmanaḥ .

yathā dadāti santuṣṭaḥ prasannavadano manum .. * ..) pratikalpe

caturdaśa manavo bhavanti teṣāṁ nāmāni yathā . svāyambhuvaḥ 1

svārociṣaḥ 2 uttamaḥ 3 tāmasaḥ 4 raivataḥ 5 cākṣuṣaḥ 6 ete gatāḥ .

vaivasvataḥ 7 . vartamāno’yam . sāvarṇiḥ 8 dakṣasāvarṇiḥ 9

brahmasāvarṇiḥ 10 dharmasāvarṇiḥ 11 rudrasāvarṇiḥ 12 devasāvarṇiḥ 13

indrasāvarṇiḥ 14 ete bhaviṣyanti . iti śrībhāgavate 8 skandhe 1 adhyāyaḥ

.. * .. eteṣāmutpattiryathā —

ādyo manurbrahmaputtraḥ śatarūpāpatirbratī .

dharmiṣṭhānāṁ variṣṭhaśca gariṣṭho manuṣu prabhuḥ ..

svāyambhuvaḥ śambhuśiṣyo viṣṇuvrataparāyaṇaḥ .

jīvanmukto mahājñānī bhavataḥ prapitāmahaḥ ..

saṁprāpa kṛṣṇadāsyañca golokañca jagāma saḥ .

dṛṣṭvā muktaṁ svaputtrañca prahṛṣṭaśca prajāpatiḥ ..

tuṣṭāva śaṅkaraṁ tuṣṭaḥ sasṛje manumanyakam .

sa ca svayambhūputtraśca puraḥ svāyambhuvo manuḥ ..

svārociṣo manuścaiva dvitīyo vahrinandanaḥ .

rājā vadānyo dharmiṣṭhaḥ svāyambhuvasamo mahān ..

priyavratasutāvanyau dvau manū dharmiṇāṁ varau .

tau tṛtīyacaturthau ca vaiṣṇavau tāmasottamau ..

tau ca śaṅkaraśiṣyau ca kṛṣṇabhaktiparāyaṇau .

dharmiṣṭhānāṁ variṣṭhaśca raivataḥ pañcamo manuḥ ..

ṣaṣṭhaśca cākṣuṣo jñeyo viṣṇubhaktiparāyaṇaḥ .

śrāddhadevaḥ sūryasuto vaiṣṇavaḥ saptamo manuḥ ..

sāvarṇiḥ sūryatanayo vaiṣṇavo manuraṣṭamaḥ .

navamo dakṣasāvarṇirviṣṇuvrataparāyaṇaḥ ..

daśamo brahmasāvarṇirbrahmajñānaviśāradaḥ .

tataśca dharmasāvarṇirmanurekādaśaḥ smṛtaḥ ..

dharmiṣṭhaśca variṣṭhaśca vaiṣṇavānāṁ sadā vratī .

jñānī ca rudrasāvarṇirmanuśca dvādaśaḥ smṛtaḥ ..

dharmātmā devasāvarṇirmanurava trayodaśaḥ .

traturdaśo mahājñānī cendrasāvarṇireva ca .. iti brahmavaivarte

prakṛtikhaṇḍe 51 adhyāyaḥ .. api ca . svāyambhuvaḥ 1 . sa ca gāyattryāṁ

brahmaṇo jātaḥ . asya puttrāḥ daśa . agnidhraḥ . agnibāhuḥ . riphphaḥ .

sabalaḥ . jyotiṣmān . dyutimān . havyaḥ . medhāḥ . medhātithiḥ . vasuśca

. svārociṣaḥ 2 . asya puttrāścatvāraḥ . nabhaḥ . nabhasyaḥ . prasṛtiḥ .

bhāvanaśca . auttamiḥ 3 . asya puttrāḥ daśa . īṣaḥ . ūrjaḥ . bhūrjaḥ .

śuciḥ . śukraḥ . madhuḥ . mādhavaḥ . nabhasyaḥ . nabhaḥ . sahaśca .

tāmasaḥ 4 . asya puttrā daśa . akalmaṣaḥ . tapodhanvī . tapomūlaḥ .

tapodhanaḥ . taporatiḥ . tapasyaḥ . tapodyutiḥ . parantapaḥ . tapobhāgī .

tapoyogī ca . raivataḥ 5 . tasya puttrāḥ daśa . aruṇaḥ . tattvadarśī .

vittavān . havyapaḥ . kapiḥ . muktaḥ . nirutsukaḥ . sattaḥ . nirmohaḥ .

prakāśakaśca . cākṣuṣaḥ 6 . sa ca dhruvapauttrāt ripuñjayāt

brahmadauhitryāṁ vīraṇakanyāyāṁ vairiṇyāṁ jātaḥ . tasya bhāryā

naḍḍalā . tasya puttrāḥ daśa . uruḥ . puruḥ . śatadyumnaḥ . tapasvī .

satyavāk . kaviḥ . agniṣṭup . atirātraḥ . svacchasvaḥ . abhimanyuśca .

vaivasvataḥ 7 . sa ca sūryāt saṁjñāyāṁ jātaḥ . tasya puttrāḥ daśa . ilaḥ .

ikṣvākuḥ . kuśanābhaḥ . ariṣṭaḥ . riṣṭhaḥ . nariṣyantaḥ . kurūṣaḥ . śaryātiḥ

. pṛṣadhraḥ . nābhāgaśca . sāvarṇiḥ 8 . sa ca sūryāt chāyāyāṁ jātaḥ .

tasya puttrāḥ daśa . dhṛtiḥ . varīyān . yavasaḥ . suvarṇaḥ . vṛṣṭiḥ .

cariṣṇuḥ . īḍyaḥ . sumatiḥ . vasuḥ . śubhryaśca . raucyaḥ 9 . asau ruceḥ

prajāpateḥ puttraḥ . bhautyaḥ 10 . asau bhūtināmakaprajāpateḥ puttraḥ .

merusāvarṇiḥ 11 . asau brahmaṇaḥ puttraḥ . ṛtuḥ 12 . ṛtudhāmā 13 .

vivvaksenaḥ 14 . iti mātsye navamādhyāyāvadhi

ekaviṁśatyadhyāyaparyantam .. kramaśasteṣāṁ vivaraṇāni yathā, 1

svāyambhuvaḥ . yathā, mārkaṇḍeye 53 adhyāye ..

manoḥ svāyambhuvasyāsan daśa puttrāstu tatsamāḥ .

yairiyaṁ pṛthivī sarvā saptadvīpā saparvatā .

sasamudrā karavatī prativarṣaṁ niveśitā .. 2 svārociṣaḥ . yathā,

tatraiva 67 adhyāye . mārkaṇḍeya uvāca .

tataḥ svārociṣaṁ nāmnā dyutimantaṁ prajāpatim .

manuñcakāra bhagavāṁstasya manvantaraṁ śṛṇu ..

tatrāntare tu ye devā munayastatsutāśca ye .

bhaupālāḥ krauṣṭuke ! ye tān gadatastvaṁ niśāmaya ..

devāḥ pārāvatāstatra tathaiva tuṣitā dvija ! .

svārociṣe’ntare cendro vipaściditi viśrutaḥ ..

ūrjastambastathā prāṇo dattolirṛṣabhastathā .

niścaraścārvavīrāṁśca tatra saptarṣayo’bhavan ..

caitra-kiṁpuruṣādyāśca sutāstasya mahātmanaḥ .

saptāsan sumahāvīryāḥ pṛthivīparipālakāḥ ..

tasya manvantaraṁ yāvattāvattadvaṁ śavistare .

bhukteyamavaniḥ sarvā dvitīyaṁ vai tadantaram ..

svarociṣastu caritaṁ janma svārociṣasya ca .

niśamya mucyate pāpaiḥ śraddadhāno hi mānavaḥ ..

asyānyadvivaraṇaṁ tatraiva 61 adhyāyamārabhya 66 adhyāyaparyantaṁ

draṣṭavyam .. 3 auttamaḥ . yathā, tatraiva 73 adhyāye . mārkaṇḍeya

uvāca .

manvantare tṛtīye’smin auttamasya prajāpateḥ .

devānindramṛṣīn bhūpān nibodha gadato mama ..

svadhāmānastathā devā yathānāmānukāriṇaḥ .

satyākhyaśca dvitīyo’nyastridaśānāṁ tathā gaṇaḥ ..

tṛtīye tu gaṇe devāḥ śivākhyā munisattama ! .

śivāḥ svarūpataste tu śrutāḥ pāpapraṇāśanāḥ ..

pratardanākhyaśca gaṇo devānāṁ munisattama ! .

caturthastatra kathita auttamasyāntare manoḥ ..

vaśavartinaḥ pañcame’pi devāstatra gaṇe dvija ! .

yathākhyātasvarūpāstu sarva eva mahāmune ! ..

ete devagaṇāḥ pañca smṛtā yajñabhujastathā .

manvantare manuśreṣṭhe sarve dvādaśakā gaṇāḥ ..

teṣāmindro mahābhāgastailokye sa gururbhavet .

śataṁ kratūnāmāhṛtya suśāntirnāma nāmataḥ ..

yasyopasarganāśāya nāmākṣaravibhūṣitā .

adyāpi mānavairgāthā gīyate tu mahītale ..

suśāntirdevarāṭ kāntaḥ suśāntiṁ sa prayacchati .

sahitaḥ śivasatyādyaistathaiva vaśavartinaḥ ..

ajaḥ paraśucirdivyo mahābalaparākramāḥ .

puttrāstasya manorāsan vikhyātāstridaśopamāḥ ..

tatsūtisambhavairbhūmiḥ pālitābhūnnareśvaraiḥ .

yāvanmanvantaraṁ tasya manoruttamatejasaḥ ..

caturyugānāṁ saṁkhyātā sādhikā hyekasaptatiḥ .

kṛtatretādisaṁjñānāṁ yānyuktāni yuge mayā ..

svatejasā hi tapaso vaśiṣṭhasya mahātmanaḥ .

tanayāścāntare tasmin sapta saptarṣayo’bhavan ..

tṛtīyametatkathitaṁ tava manvantaraṁ mayā .. asyānyadvivaraṇaṁ

tatraiva 68 adhyāyamārabhya 72 adhyāyaparyantaṁ draṣṭavyam .. 4

tāmasaḥ . yathā, tatraiva 74 adhyāye .

tāmasākhyo manurabhūttasya manvantaraṁ śṛṇu .

ye devā yatpatiryaśca devendro ye tatharṣayaḥ .

ye puttrāśca manostasya pṛthivīparipālakāḥ ..

satyāstathānye sudhiyaḥ surūpā harayastathā .

ete devagaṇāstatra saptaviṁśatikā mune ! ..

mahābalo mahāvīryaḥ śatayajñopalakṣitaḥ .

śikhirindrastathā teṣāṁ devānāmabhavadvibhuḥ ..

jyotirdhāmā puthuḥ kāvyaścaitro’gnirbalakastathā .

pīvaraśca tathā brahman ! sapta saptarṣayo’bhavan ..

naraḥ kṣāntiḥ śāntadāntajānujaṅghādayastathā .

puttrāstu tāmasasyāsan rājānaḥ sumahābalāḥ .. asyānyadvivaraṇaṁ

tatraiva draṣṭavyam .. 5 raivataḥ . yathā, tatraiva 75 adhyāye .

mārkaṇḍeya uvāca .

tāmādāya tato bhūpaḥ svameva nagaraṁ yayau .

tasmādajāyata suto revatyāṁ raivato manuḥ ..

sametaḥ sakalairdharmairmānavairaparājitaḥ .

vijñātākhilaśāstrārtho vedavidyārthaśāstravit ..

tasya manvantare devān munidevendrapārthivān .

kathyamānānmayā brahman ! nibodha susamāhitaḥ ..

sumedhasastatra devāstathā bhūpatayo dvija ! .

vaikuṇṭhaścāmitābhaśca caturdaśa caturdaśa ..

teṣāṁ devagaṇānāntu caturṇāṁmapi ceśvara ! .

nāmnā vibhurabhūdindraḥ śatayajñopalakṣakaḥ ..

hiraṇyalomā vedaśrīrūrdhabāhustathāparaḥ .

vedabāhuḥ sudhāmā ca parjanyaśca mahāmuniḥ ..

vaśiṣṭhaśca mahābhāgo vedavedāntapāragaḥ .

ete saptarṣayaścāsan raivatasyāntare manoḥ ..

balabandhurmahāvīryaḥ suyaṣṭavyastathāparaḥ .

satyakādyāstathaivāsan raivatasya manoḥ sutāḥ ..

raivatāntāstu manavaḥ kathitā ye mayā tava .

svāyambhuvāśrayā hyete svārociṣamṛte manum .. asyānyadvivaraṇaṁ

tatraiva draṣṭavyam .. 6 cākṣuṣaḥ . yathā, tatraiva 76 adhyāye .

tasya manvantareśasya ye’ntaratridaśā dvija ! .

ye carṣayastathaivendro ye sutāścāsya tān śṛṇu ..

āryā nāma surāstatra teṣāmeko’ṣṭako gaṇaḥ .

prakhyātakarmaṇāṁ vipra ! yajñe havyabhujāmayam ..

prakhyātabalavīryāṇāṁ prabhāmaṇḍaladurdṛśām .

dvitīyaśca prasūtākhyo devānāmaṣṭako gaṇaḥ ..

tathaivāṣṭaka evānyo bhavyākhyo devatāgaṇaḥ .

caturthaśca gaṇastatra yūthagākhyastathāṣṭakaḥ ..

lekhasaṁ jñāstathaivānye tatra manvantare dbija ! .

pañcame ca gaṇe devāstatsaṁjñā hyamṛtāśinaḥ ..

śataṁ kratūnāmāhṛtya yasteṣāmadhipo’bhavat .

manojavastathaivendraḥ saṁkhyāto yajñabhāgabhuk ..

sumedhā virajāścaiva haviṣmānunnato madhuḥ .

atināmā sahiṣṇuśca saptāsanniti carṣayaḥ ..

urūpuruśatadyumnapramukhāḥ sumahābalāḥ .

cākṣuṣasya manoḥ puttrāḥ pṛthivīpatayo’bhavan .. asyānyadvivaraṇaṁ

tatraivādhyāye draṣṭavyam .. 7 vaivasvataḥ . yathā, tatraiva 79 adhyāye .

mārkaṇḍeya uvāca .

ādityā vasavo rudrāḥ sādhyā viśve marudgaṇāḥ .

bhṛgavo’ṅgirasaścāṣṭau yatra devagaṇāḥ smṛtāḥ ..

ādityā vasavo rudrā vijñeyā kaśyapātmajāḥ .

sādhyāśca vasavo viśve dharmaputtragaṇāstrayaḥ ..

bhṛgostu bhṛgavo devāḥ puttrā hyaṅgirasaḥ sutāḥ .

eṣa sargaśca mārīco vijñeyaḥ sāmpratādhipaḥ ..

ūrjasvī nāma caivendro mahātmā yajñabhāgabhuk .

atītānāgatā ye ca vartante sāmpratañca ye ..

sarve te tridaśendrāstu vijñeyāstulyalakṣaṇāḥ .

sahasrākṣāḥ kuliśinaḥ sarva eva purandarāḥ ..

maghavanto vṛṣāḥ sarve śṛṅgiṇo gajagāminaḥ .

te śatakratavaḥ sarve bhūtābhibhavatejasaḥ ..

dharmādyaiḥ kāraṇaiḥ śuddhairādhipatyaguṇānvitāḥ .

bhūtabhavyabhavannāthāḥ śṛṇu caitat trayaṁ dvija ! ..

bhūrloko’yaṁ smṛtā bhūmirantarīkṣaṁ divaḥ smṛtam .

divyākhyaśca tathā svargastrailokyamiti gadyate ..

atriścaiva vaśiṣṭhaśca kāśyapaśca mahānṛṣiḥ .

gautamaśca bharadvājo viśvāmitro’tha kauśikaḥ ..

tathaiva puttro bhagavānṛcīkasya mahātmanaḥ .

jamadagnistu saptaite munayo’tra tathāntare ..

īkṣvākurnābhagaścaiva dhṛṣṭaśarmātireva ca .

nariṣyantaśca vikhyāto nābhago diṣṭa eva ca ..

kurūṣaśca pruṣadhruśca vasumān lokaviśrutaḥ .

manorvaivasvatasyaite nava puttrāḥ prakīrtitāḥ ..

vaivasvatamidaṁ brahman ! kathitante mayāntaram .

asmin śrute naraḥ sadyaḥ paṭhite caiva sattama ! .

mucyate pātakaiḥ sarvaiḥ puṇyañca mahadaśnute ..

asyānyadvivaraṇaṁ 77-78 adhyāyayordraṣṭavyam .. 8 sāvarṇiḥ . yathā,

tatraiva 80 adhyāye . mārkaṇḍeya uvāca .

kathitastava sāvarṇiśchāyāsaṁjñāsutaśca yaḥ .

pūrbajasya manostulyaḥ sa manurbhavitāṣṭamaḥ ..

rāmo vyāso gālavaśca dīptimān kṛpa eva ca .

ṛṣyaśṛṅgastathā droṇistatra saptarṣayo’bhavan ..

sutapāścāmitābhāśca mukhyāścaiva tridhā surāḥ .

viṁśakaḥ kathitāścaiṣāṁ trayāṇāṁ triguṇo gaṇaḥ ..

tapastapaśca śakraśca dyutirjyotiḥ prabhākaraḥ .

prabhāso dayito dharmastejoraśmiśca vakratuḥ ..

ityādikastu sutapā devānāṁ viṁśako gaṇaḥ .

prabhurvibhurvibhāsādyastathānyo viṁśako gaṇaḥ ..

surāṇāmamitānāntu tṛtīyamapi me śṛṇu .

damo dānto ṛtaḥ somo vintādyāścaiva viṁśatiḥ ..

mukhyā hyete samākhyātā devā manvantarādhipāḥ ..

mārīcasyaiva te puttrāḥ kāśyapasya prajāpateḥ ..

bhaviṣyāśca bhaviṣyanti sāvarṇasyāntare manoḥ .

teṣāmindro bhaviṣyastu balirvairocanirmune ! .

pātāla āste yo’dyāpi daityaḥ samayabandhanaḥ .

virajāścārvavīraśca nirmohaḥ satyavāk kṛtiḥ ..

viṣṇvādyāścaiva tanayāḥ sāvarṇasya manornṛpāḥ ..

asyānyadvivaraṇaṁ tatraiva 81-93 adhyāyeṣu draṣṭavyam .. 9

dakṣasāvarṇiḥ . yathā, tatraiva 94 adhyāye .

dakṣaputtraśca sāvarṇo bhāvī yo navamo manuḥ .

kathayāmi manostasya ye devā munayo nṛpāḥ ..

pārāmarīcibhargāśca sudharmāṇastathā surāḥ .

ete tridhā bhaviṣyanti sarve dvādaśakā gaṇāḥ ..

teṣāmindro bhaviṣyastu sahasrākṣo mahābalaḥ .

sāmprataṁ kārtikeyo yo vahriputtraḥ ṣaḍānanaḥ ..

adbhuto nāma śakro’sau bhāvī tasyāntare manoḥ .

medhātithirvasuḥ satyo jyotiṣmān dyutimāṁstathā ..

saptarṣayo’nyaḥ sabalastathānyo havyavāhanaḥ .

dhṛṣṭaketurvarhaketuḥ pañcahasto nirāmayaḥ .

pṛthuśravāstathārciṣmān bhūdyurimno bṛhadbhayaḥ ..

ete nṛpasutāstasya dakṣaputtrasya vai nṛpāḥ .. 10 brahmasāvarṇiḥ .

yathā, tatraiva 94 adhyāye ..

manostu daśamasyānyacchṛṇu manvantaraṁ dvija ! ..

manvantare ca daśame brahmaputtrasya dhīmataḥ .

sukhāsīnā niruddhāśca triḥprakārāḥ surāḥ smṛtāḥ .

śatasaṁkhyā hi te devā bhaviṣyā bhāvino manoḥ .

yat prāṇināṁ śataṁ bhāvi taddevānāṁ tadā śatam ..

śāntirindrastathā bhāvī sarvairindraguṇairyutaḥ .

saptarṣīṁstān nibodha tvaṁ ye bhaviṣyanti vai tadā ..

āpomūrtirhaviṣmāṁśca sukṛtī satya eva ca .

nābhāgo’pratimaścaiva vāśiṣṭhaścaiva saptamaḥ ..

sukṣetraścottamaujāśca bhūmisenaśca vīryavān .

śatānīko’tha vṛṣabho hyanamitro jayadrathaḥ ..

bhūridyumnaḥ suparvā ca tasyaite tanayā manoḥ .. 11

dharmasāvarṇiḥ . yathā, tatraiva .

bhaviṣyā dharmaputtrasya sāvarṇasyāntaraṁ śṛṇu ..

vihaṅgamāḥ kāmagāśca nirmāṇaratayastathā .

triḥprakārā bhaviṣyanti ekaikastriṁśato gaṇāḥ ..

māsarturdivasā ye tu nirmāṇapatayastu te .

vihaṅgamā rātrayo’tha mauhūrtāḥ kāmagā gaṇāḥ ..

indro vṛṣākhyo bhavitā teṣāṁ prakhyātavikramaḥ .

haviṣmāṁśca variṣṭhaśca ṛṣṭiranyastathāruṇiḥ ..

niścaraścānaghaścaiva viṣṭiścānyo mahāmuniḥ .

saptarṣayo’ntare tasminnagnidevaśca saptamaḥ ..

sarvatragaḥ suśarmā ca devānīkaḥ purūdbahaḥ .

hemadhanvā dṛḍhāyuśca bhāvinastatsutā nṛpāḥ .. 12 rudrasāvarṇiḥ .

yathā, tatraiva .

dvādaśe rudraputtrasya prāpte manvantare manoḥ .

sāvarṇākhyasya ye devā munayaśca śṛṇuṣva tān ..

sudharmāṇaḥ mumanaso haritā rohitāstathā .

suvarṇāśca surāstatra pañcaite daśakā gaṇāḥ ..

teṣāmindrastu vijñeya ṛtadhāmā mahābalaḥ .

sarvairindraguṇairyuktaḥ saptarṣīnapi me śṛṇu ..

dyutistapasvī sutapāstapomūrtistaponidhiḥ .

taporatistathaivānyaḥ saptamastu tapodhṛtiḥ ..

devavānupadevaśca devaśreṣṭho vidūrathaḥ .

mitravān mitravindaśca bhāvinastatsutā nṛpāḥ .. 13 raucyaḥ . yathā,

tatraiva .

trayodaśasya paryāye raucyākhyasya manoḥ sutān .

saptarṣīṁśca nṛpāṁścaiva gadato me niśāmaya ..

sudharmāṇaḥ surāstatra sukarmāṇastathāpare .

suśarmāṇaḥ surā hyete samastā munisattama ! ..

mahābalo mahāvīryasteṣāmindro divaspatiḥ .

bhaviṣyānatha saptarṣīṁn gadato me niśāmaya ..

dhṛtimānavyayaścaiva tattvadarśī nirutsukaḥ .

nirmohaḥ sutapāścānyo niṣprakampaśca saptamaḥ ..

citraseno vicitraśca nayatirnirbhayo dṛḍhaḥ .

sunetraḥ kṣattrabuddhiśca suvrataścaiva tatsutāḥ .. 14 bhautyaḥ .

yathā, tatraiva 100 adhyāye .

bhautyo nāma manustasya puttro bhūterajāyata .

tasya manvantare devānṛṣīn bhūpāṁśca me śṛṇu ..

bhaviṣyasya bhaviṣyāṁstu gadato mama vistarāt .

devendro yaśca bhavitā tasya vikhyātakarmaṇaḥ ..

cākṣuṣāśca kaniṣṭhāśca pavitrā bhrājirāstathā .

dhārāvṛkāśca ityete pañca devagaṇāḥ smṛtāḥ ..

śacirindrastadā teṣāṁ tridaśānāṁ bhaviṣyati .

mahābalo mahāvīryaḥ sarvairindraguṇairyutaḥ ..

agnīdhraścāgnibāhuśca śucirmukto’tha mādhavaḥ .

śukro’jitaśca saptaite tadā saptarṣayaḥ smṛtāḥ ..

gururgabhīro vradhnaśca bharato’nugrahastathā .

strīmānī ca pratīraśca viṣṇuḥ saṁkrandanastathā ..

tejasvī subalaścaiva bhautyasyaite manoḥ sutāḥ .

caturdaśa mayaitatte manvantaramudāhṛtam ..

manvantarakathāśravaṇaphalamāha tatraiva 100 adhyāye .

śrutvā manvantarāṇītthaṁ krameṇa munisattama ! .

puṇyamāpnoti manujastathākṣīṇāñca santatim ..

śrutvā manvantaraṁ pūrbaṁ dharmamāpnoti mānavaḥ .

svārociṣasya śravaṇāt sarvakāmānavāpnute ..

auttamerdhanamāpnoti jñānañcāpnoti tāmase .

raivate ca śrute buddhiṁ surūpāṁ vindate striyam ..

ārogyañcākṣuṣe puṁsāṁ śrute vaivasvate balam .

guṇavatputtrapauttrantu sūryasāvarṇike śrute ..

māhātmyaṁ brahmasāvarṇe dharmasāvarṇike śubham .

matimāpnoti manujo rudrasāvarṇike jayam ..

jñātiśreṣṭho guṇairyukto dakṣasāvarṇike śrute .

niśātayatyaribalaṁ raucyaṁ śrutvā narottama ! ..

devaprasādamāpnoti bhautye manvantare śrute .

tathāgnihotraṁ puttrāṁśca guṇayuktānavāpnute ..

sarvāṇyanukramādyaśca śṛṇoti munisattama ! .

manvantarāṇi tasyāpi śrūyatāṁ phalamuttamam ..

tatra devānṛṣīnindrānmanūṁ stattanayānnṛpān .

vaṁśāṁśca śrutvā sarvebhyaḥ pāpebhyo vipramucyate ..

devarṣīndranṛpāścānye ye tanmanvantarādhipāḥ .

te prīyante tathā prītāḥ prayacchanti śubhāṁ matim ..

tataḥ śubhāṁ matiṁ prāpya kṛtvā karma tathā śubham .

śubhāṁ gatimavāpnoti yāvadindrāścaturdaśa ..

sarve syurṛtavaḥ kṣemyāḥ sarve saumyāstathā grahāḥ .

bhavantyasaṁśayaṁ śrutvā kramānmanvantarasthitim .. * .. viṣṇuḥ .

yathā, mahābhārate . 13 . 149 . 19 .

viśvakarmā manustvaṣṭā sthaviṣṭho sthaviro dhruvaḥ ..

mananapradhāno vidbān . yathā, vājasaneyasaṁhitāyām . 15 . 49 .

tasminnahaṁ nidadhe nāke’gniṁ yamāhurmanavastīrṇabarhiṣam ..

manavaḥ mananapradhānā vidvāṁsaḥ .. iti tadbhāṣye mahīdharaḥ .. * ..

antaḥkaraṇam . yathā, bhāgavate . 6 . 4 . 25 .

deho’savo’kṣā manavo bhūtamātrā nātmānamanyuñca viduḥ paraṁ

yat .. manavo’ntaḥkaraṇāni . iti taṭṭīkāyāṁ śrīdharaḥ .. kṛśāśvasya

puttrabhedaḥ . yathā, bhāgavate . 6 . 6 . 20 .

kṛśāśvo’rciṣi bhāryāyāṁ dhūmaketumajījanat .

viṣaṇṇāyāṁ vedaśiraḥ devalaṁ vayunaṁ manum ..)

शक्र — śakra Monier-Williams, Monier: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1899śakra mf («ā») n. strong, powerful, mighty (applied to various gods, but

esp. to Indra)

śakra m. N. of Indra &c.

śakra m. of an āditya

śakra m. of the number «fourteen»

śakra m. Wrightia Antidysenterica

śakra m. Terminalia Arjuna

Böhtlingk und Roth: Großes Petersburger Wörterbuch

śakra (von 1. śak) UṆĀDIS. 2, 13. 1) adj. «vermögend», stehendes

Beiwort des Indra: viśvāni śakro naryāṇi vidvān ṚV. 4, 16, 6. 5, 34, 3. 4.

hvayāmi śakraṁ puruhūtamindram 6, 47, 11. 7, 20, 9. 104, 20. fg. 8, 2,

23. sa naḥ śakraścidā śakat 32, 12. AV. 8, 1, 8. 12, 1, 37. LĀṬY. 1, 4, 5.

Götter überh. AV. 3, 21, 4. 11, 6, 12. 18. TBR. 2, 4, 3, 4. die Marut ṚV. 1,

166, 1. die Aśvin 2, 39, 3. 10, 24, 4. Pūṣan 8, 4, 15. — AV. 5, 1, 7. 28, 8.

Auch die Anknüpfung an 2. śak «mittheilsam, hilfreich» ist für die alte

Sprache zulässig. — 2) m. a) ein Name Indra’s AK. 1, 1, 1, 37. TRIK. 3, 3,

376. H. 172. an. 2, 460. MED. r. 88. HALĀY. 1, 54. 5, 40. NĀRĀYAṆOP. in

Ind. St. 1, 381. MBH. 3, 1724. 2123. 3043. 13, 330. HARIV. 3789. fgg. R.

1, 1, 6. 6, 3. 26. 2, 91, 13. 3, 49, 41 (v. l. śukra und so auch ed. Bomb.).

54,8. RAGH.1,75.3,39. VARĀH. BṚH. S. 32,6. 33,20. 43,6. RĀJA-

TAR.4,224. VP. 78. BRAHMA-P. in LA. (III) 50,3. 53,20. Verz. d. Oxf. H.

27,a,17. 44,b,25. fg. 103, «a», 29. Herr des Nakshatra Jyeṣṭhā WEBER,

Nax. 2, 374. 379. VARĀH. BṚH. S. 98, 5. 12. der 7ten Tithi 99, 1. ein

Āditya MBH. 1, 2523. HARIV. 175.VP. 122. BHĀG. P. 6, 6, 37. — LALIT.

ed. Calc. 8, 20. 9, 43 u.s.w. BURNOUF, Intr. 131. ein Jātaka Buddha’s

VYĀḌI beim Schol. zu H. 233. — b) «Wrightia antidysenterica R. Br.» AK.

2, 4, 2, 47. TRIK. H. an. MED. — c) «Terminalia Arjuna W. und A.» H. an.

MED. — Vgl. ati-, pṛthivī-, bhū-.

Mani, Vettam: Puranic Encyclopaedia. Delhi 1975

śakra A synonym of Indra. (See under Indra)

Benfey, Theodor: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1866

śakra śak + ra, m.

1. Indra, Rām. 3, 54, 8.

2. A king(?), Rām. 3, 49, 41 (cf. Gorr. n.).

3. The name of two trees, Pentaptera arjuna and Nerium

antidysentericum.

— Comp. ati-, adj. exceeding Indra, Arj. 4, 41.

Cappeller, Carl: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, based upon the St.

Petersburg Lexicons. Strassburg : 1891

śakra a. powerful, mighty, strong; m. E. of Indra.

Macdonell, Arthur Anthony: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1893

śakra śak-ra, a. (V.) mighty, strong (regular ep. of Indra); m. (C.) Indra:

(a) -kārmuka, n. reinbow;

-kāṣṭhā, f. east;

-ketu, m. Indra’s banner;

-gopa: -ka, m. cochineal;

-cāpa, n. rainbow;

-jit, m. Indra’s vanquisher, ep. of Meghanāda, son of Rāvaṇa;

-tva, n. Indra’s dignity;

-dantin, m. Indra’s elephant, Airāvata;

-diś, f. Indra’s quarter, east;

-dhanus, n. rainbow;

-pata, m. lowering of Indra’s flag;

-pura, n., ī, f. Indra’s city;

-bāṇāsana, n. rainbow;

-bhakṣa, m. (?) hemp;

-loka, m. Indra’s world.

Bhaṭṭācārya: Vācaspatyam (6 Vol). Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series 94,

reprint of the 1873-1884 edition. Varanasi : 1962

śakra pu° śaka—rak . 1 indre amaraḥ . 2 kuṭajavṛkṣaṁ 3 arju navṛkṣe

medi° . 4 jyeṣṭhānakṣatre 5 pecake ca . indrasya caturdaśavidhatvam

bhanvantarabhedena indraśabde darśitamataḥ tatsaṁkhyāsāmyāt 6

caturdaśasaṁkhyāyām .

शक्रः — śakraḥ Apte, Vaman Shivaram: The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Poona :1890

śakraḥ [śak-rak]

(1) N. of Indra; ekaḥ kṛtī śakuteṣu yo’nyaṁ śakrānna yācate Kuval.

(2) The Arjuna tree.

(3) The Kuṭaja tree.

(4) An owl.

(5) The asterism jyeṣṭhā.

(6) The number ‘fourteen’.

(7) N. of Śiva.

— Comp.

—aśanaḥ the Kuṭaja tree. (

—naṁ) an intoxicating drink prepared from hemp.

—ākhyaḥ an owl.

—ātmajaḥ 1. Jayanta, son of Indra. —2. Arjuna.

—utthānaṁ, —utsavaḥ a festival in honour of Indra on the 12th day

of the bright half of Bhādrapada.

—gopaḥ a kind of red insect; cf iṁdragopa, —jaḥ, —jātaḥ a crow.

—jit, —bhid m. epithets of Meghanada, son of Rāvaṇa.

—drumaḥ the Devadāru tree.

—dhanus n., śarāsanaṁ the rain-bow.

—dhvajaḥ a flag set up in honour of Indra.

—paryāyaḥ the Kuṭaja tree.

—pādapaḥ 1. the Kuṭaja tree. —2. the Devadāru tree.

—prasthaṁ = iṁdraprastha q. v.

—bhavanaṁ, —bhuvanaṁ, vāsaḥ heaven, paradise.

—bhūbhavā colocynth.

—mātṛkā a wooden post for supporting Indra’s banner.

—mūrdhan m.,

—śiras n. an ant-hill, a hillock.

—lokaḥ the world of Indra.

—vallī colocynth (iṁdravāruṇī). —vāhanaṁ a cloud.

—śākhin m. the Kuṭaja tree.

—śālā a sacrificial ground.

—sārathiḥ ‘the charioteer of Indra’, an epithet of Mātali.

—sutaḥ 1. an epithet of Jayanta. —2. of Arjuna. —3. of Vāli.

—sṛṣṭā yellow myrobalan.

Rādhākāntadeva: Śabdakalpadruma (5 Vol). Third edition, reprint of the

1886 edition. Varanasi : 1967

śakraḥ puṁ, (śaknoti daityān nāśayitum . śaka + sphāyitañcīti . uṇā° 2 .

13 . iti rak .) indraḥ . ityamaraḥ . (yathā, raghuḥ . 3 . 39 .

dhanurbhṛtāmagrata eva rakṣiṇāṁ jahāra śakraḥ kila gūḍhavigrahaḥ

..) kuṭajavṛkṣaḥ . arjunavṛkṣaḥ . iti medinī .. jyeṣṭhānakṣattram . yathā —

śakro nirṛtistoyaṁ viśvaviriñcī harirvasurvaruṇaḥ .

ajapādo’hivradhnaḥ pūṣā cetīśvarā bhānām .. iti jyotistattvam ..

catuddaśandrā yathā —

viśvabhuk ca vipaścidyaḥ suvittiḥ śivireva ca .

vibhurmanojavaścaiva tathaujasvī vaḍistathā ..

adbhutaśca tathā śāntistathā devacaro vṛṣaḥ .

ṛtadhāmā divaḥsvāmī śuciḥ śakrāścaturdaśa .. *

brāhmadinamāsābdeṣu indrāṇāṁ nāśasaṁkhyā yathā .

brāhme dine vai naśyanti caturdaśa purandarāḥ .

śatāni māsi catvāri viṁśatyā sahitāni ca .

abde pañcasahasrāṇi catvāriṁśacchatāni ca .. ityādye vahnipurāṇe

gaṇabhedanāmādhyāyaḥ .. * .. indratvaprāptikāraṇaṁ yathā — indra

uvāca .

ramākānta bhavatprītyai kṛtaṁ kratuśataṁ purā .

tena puṇyena samprāptaṁ mayā paurandaraṁ padam ..

idānīṁ nūtanaḥ ko’pi jāto divi purandaraḥ .

na tena dharmo vihito na tena kratavaḥ kṛtāḥ .

mama siṁhāsanaṁ divyaṁ kathamākrāntamacyuta ..

ityevaṁ vadatastasya śrutvā vākyaṁ ramāpatiḥ .

unmīlitasmitākṣo’sāvuvāca madhuraṁ vacaḥ ..

śrībhagavānuvāca .

devādayo manuṣyāntā mama sevāparāyaṇāḥ .

madyājanaratā lokā madbhaktistutipāṭhakāḥ ..

manmūrtiṣu kṛtadhyānā matkathāśravaṇā iha .

matpādodakanaivedyabhojino’nvahameva ye ..

mannāmakīrtanaparā mama smṛtiparāyaṇāḥ .

manmantrajāpakā nityamananyāśrayasampadaḥ ..

kiṁ vidhitvaṁ kimindratvaṁ devatvamaparaṁ kimu .

teṣāmalabhyaṁ yatkiñcit durlabhaṁ nāsti saṁsṛtau ..

kiṁ dānairalpaphaladaiḥ kiṁ tapobhiḥ kimadhvaraiḥ .

sevyamānaiḥ kṣititale sa mama prītimān sadā ..

indra uvāca .

bhagavan karmaṇā kena sa tvatprītiparo bhavet .

tadvadasva mahābāho prapannabhayabhañjana ..

śrībhagavānuvāca .

anekadhā madbhajanaṁ mama prītikaraṁ param .

yadbhaktyā tat padaṁ lebhe tat śṛṇuṣva purandara ..

japatyaṣṭādaśādhyāyagītānāṁ ślokapañcakam .

tayā bhaktyā tu saṁprāptaṁ tava sāmrājyamuttamam .. iti

pādmottarakhaṇḍe 96 adhyāyaḥ .. (samarthe, tri . yathā, ṛgvede . 4 . 16 .

6 .

viśvāni śakro naryāṇi vidvānapo rireca sakhibhirnikāmaiḥ .. vidbān

jānan śakraḥ samartha indraḥ . iti tadbhāṣye sāyaṇaḥ ..)

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