Some symbolic expressions for number sixteen

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Some symbolic expressions for number sixteen

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अष्टिः कला भूप

अष्टिः — aṣṭiḥ Apte, Vaman Shivaram: The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Poona :1890

aṣṭiḥ f. [asyate bhūmau kṣipyate as-ktin pṛṣo- ṣatvaṁ]

(1) A die for playing.

(2) A metre consisting of sixty-four syllables.

(3) [akṣ-vyāptau-ktin] Pervasion, reaching (Ved.).

(4) The body (the instrument of enjoyment).

(5) The number sixteen.

(6) Seed.

(7) Kernel.

Rādhākāntadeva: Śabdakalpadruma (5 Vol). Third edition, reprint of the

1886 edition. Varanasi : 1967

aṣṭiḥ strī, (asyate pṛthivyāṁ kṣipyate iti + asa + ktin . pṛṣodarāditvāt

vatvam .) vījaṁ . ityuṇādikoṣaḥ .. āṁṭhi iti bhāṣā .

कला — kalā Monier-Williams, Monier: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1899kalā f. (etym. doubtful) a small part of anything, any single part or

portion of a whole, esp. a sixteenth part &c.

f. a digit or one-sixteenth of the moon’s diameter

kalā f. (personified as a daughter of Kardama and wife of Marīci

f. a symbolical expression for the number sixteen

f. interest on a capital (considered as a certain part of it)

f. a division of time (said to be 1/900 of a day or 1-6 minutes ; or

1/1800 of a day or 0-8 minutes on ; or 2 minutes and 26 54/201 seconds

; or 1 minute and 35 205/301, seconds, or 8 seconds

f. the sixtieth part of one-thirtieth of a zodiacal sign, a minute of a

degree

kalā f. (in prosody) a syllabic instant

f. a term for the seven substrata of the elements or Dhātus of the

human body (viz. flesh, blood, fat, phlegm, urine, bile, and semen; but

according to Hemacandra, «rasa», «chyle», «asthi», «bone», and «majjan»,

«marrow», take the place of phlegm, urine, and bile)

f. an atom (there are 3015 Kalās or atoms in every one of the six

Dhātus, not counting the «rasa», therefore in all 18090)

kalā f. (with Pāśupatas) the elements of the gross or material world

f. an embryo shortly after conception (cf. «kalana»)

f. a designation of the three constituent parts of a sacrifice (viz.

«mantra, dravya», and «śraddhā» on [ed. Bomb.] xiv, 89, 3)

f. the menstrual discharge

f. any practical art, any mechanical or fine art (sixty-four are

enumerated in the śaivatantra []; the following is a list of them: «gītam,

vādyam, nṛtyam, nātyam, ālekhyam, viśeṣaka-cchedyam, taṇḍula-

kusuma-balivikārāḥ, puṣpāstaranam, daśana-vasanāṅgarāgāḥ, maṇi-

bhūmikā-karma, śayana-racanam, udaka-vādyam, udaka-ghātaḥ, citrā

yogāḥ, mālya-granthana-vikalpāḥ, keśa-śekharāpīḍayojanam, nepathya-

yogāḥ, karṇa-pattra-bhaṅgāḥ, gandha-yuktiḥ, bhūṣaṇa-yojanam,

indrajālam, kaucumāra-yogāḥ, hasta-lāghavam, citraśākāpūpa-bhakṣya-

vikāra-kriyā, pānaka-rasarāgāsava-yojanam, sūcīvāpa-karma, vīṇā-ḍama-

ruka-sūtra-krīḍā, prahelikā, pratimā, durvacakayogāḥ, pustaka-vācanam,

nāṭakākhyāyikā-darśanam, kāvya-samasyā-pūraṇam, paṭṭikā-vetrabāṇa-

vikalpāḥ, tarkū-karmāṇi, takṣaṇam, vāstu-vidyā, rūpya-ratna-parīkṣā,

dhātu-vādaḥ, maṇi-rāga-jṇānam, ākara-jṇānam, vṛkṣāyur-veda-yogāḥ,

meṣa-kukkuṭa-lāvaka-yuddha-vidhiḥ, śuka-sārikā-pralāpanam, utsādanam,

keśa-mārjana-kauśalam, akṣara-muṣṭikā-kathanam, mlechitaka-vikalpāḥ,

deśa-bhāṣā-jṇānam, puṣpa-śakaṭikā-nimitta-jṇānam, yantra-mātṛkā,

dhāraṇa-mātṛkā, saṁpāṭyam, mānasī kāvya-kriyā, kriyā-vikalpāḥ,

chalitakayogāḥ, abhidhāna-koṣa-cchando-jṇānam, vastra-gopanāni,

dyūta-viśeṣaḥ, ākarṣaṇa-krīḍā, bālaka-krīḍanakāni, vaināyikīnāṁ

vidyāṇāṁ jṇānam, vaijayikīnāṁ vidyānāṁ jṇānam»; see also &c.

f. skill, ingenuity

f. ignorance

f. a low and sweet tone

f. a boat

f. a N. given to Dākṣāyaṇī in the region near the river Candrabhāgā

f. N. of a grammatical commentary.

Apte, Vaman Shivaram: The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Poona :

1890

kalā [kal-kac] A small part of anything; U. 1. 1; a bit, jot;

kalāmapyakṛtapārelaṁbaḥ K. 304; sarve te mitragātrasya kalāṁ nārhaṁti

ṣoḍaśīṁ Pt. 2. 55; Ms. 2. 86, 8. 36.

(2) A digit of the moon (these are sixteen); jagati jayinaste te bhāvā

naveṁdukalādayaḥ Māl. 1. 36; Ku. 5. 71; Me. 89.

(3) Interest on capital (consideration paid for the use of money);

ghanavīthivīthimavatīrṇavato nidhiraṁbhasāmupacayāya kalāḥ Śi. 9. 32

(where kalā means ‘digits’ also).

(4) A division of time variously computed; one minute, 48 seconds, or

8 seconds.

(5) The 60th part of one thirtieth part of a zodiacal sign, a minute of a

degree.

(6) Any practical art (mechanical or fine); there are 64 such arts, as

music, dancing &c.

(7) Skill, ingenuity.

(8) Fraud, deceit.

(9) (In Prosody) A syllabic instant. (10) A boat.

(11) The menstrual discharge.

(12) A term for the seven substrata of the elements of the human

body; (they are: —ādyā māṁsadharā proktā dvitīyā raktadhāriṇī .

medodharā tṛtīyā tu caturthī śleṣmadhāriṇī .. paṁcamī ca malaṁ dhatte

ṣaṣṭhī pittadharā matā . retodharā saptamī syāt iti saptakalāḥ smṛtāḥ ..).

(13) An atom.

(14) A term for the embryo.

— Comp.

—aṁtaraṁ 1. another digit. —2. interest, profit; māse śatasya yadi

paṁca kalāṁtaraṁ syāt Līlā.

—ayanaḥ a tumbler, a dancer (as on the sharp edge of a sword).

—ākulaṁ deadly poison.

—keli a. gay, wanton. (

—liḥ) an epithet of Kāma.

—kṣayaḥ waning (of the moon); R. 5. 16.

—dharaḥ, —nidhiḥ, —pūrṇaḥ the moon; aho mahattvaṁ

mahatāmapūrvaṁ vipattikālepi paropakāraḥ . yathāsyamadhye patitopi

rāhoḥ kalānidhiḥ puṇyacayaṁ dadāti .. Udb.

—bhṛt m. 1 the moon. —2. an artist &c.

Böhtlingk und Roth: Großes Petersburger Wörterbuch

kalā und kalā (zu belegen nur mit dieser Betonung) f. ŚĀNT. 3, 8. 1) «ein

kleiner Theil eines Ganzen», namentlich gebraucht vom «Sechzehntel»

TRIK. 3, 3, 382. MED. l. 5. yatkalayā te śaphena te krīṇāmīti

paṇetāgoarghaṁ somaṁ kuryāt «wenn er um den» Soma «feilscht, indem

er sagt: ich will ihn dir für ein Sechzehntel, für ein Achtel abkaufen, so

lässt er damit dem» Soma «nicht den Werth einer ganzen Kuh» TS. 6, 1,

10, 1. ŚAT. BR. 3, 3, 3, 1. yathā kalāṁ yathā śaphaṁ yatha ṛṇaṁ

saṁnayāmasi ṚV. 8, 47, 17. yo vai kalā manuṣyāṇāmakṣaraṁ

taddevānām ŚAT. BR. 10, 4, 1, 16. fg. ṣoḍaśakalā vā paśavo

‘nukalamevāsmiṁ chriyaṁ dadhati 12, 8, 3, 13. prajāpatiḥ ṣoḍaśakalaḥ

14, 4, 3, 22. 7, 2, 2, 17. puruṣaḥ 11, 1, 6, 36. 13, 2, 2, 17. AIT. BR. 5, 26.

PRAŚNOP. 6, 2. CHĀND. UP. 4, 5, 2. 3. 6, 3. 4. 7, 3. 4. 8, 3. 4. NIR. 11,

12. sahasratamīṁ kalām ŚAT. BR. 10, 4, 4, 4. anṛtaṁ tu vadandaṇḍyaḥ

svavittasyāṁśamaṣṭamam. tasyaiva vā nidhānasya saṁkhyāyālpīyasīṁ

kalām.. M. 8, 36. nārāyaṇakalāḥ BHĀG. P. 1, 2, 26. 1, 17. 3, 1. 4, 8, 7.

dharmakalā 1, 3, 9. anutāpakalayā 3, 15, 36. 39. rājyaṁ ca putrāśca yaśo

dhanaṁ ca sarvaṁ na satyasya kalāmupaiti «kommt nicht einem

Sechzehntel der Wahrheit gleich» d. h. «ist weit weniger werth als die

Wahrheit» MBH. 3, 1375. so ‘hamasminsamārambhe sunītasya kalāmapi.

vimṛśannābhipaśyāmi «hierin sehe ich auch nicht die geringste Klugheit»

R. 3, 46, 11. sarve te japayajñasya kalāṁ nārhanti ṣoḍaśīm M. 2, 86. ARJ.

11, 3. MBH. 1, 4032. 3, 8429. PAÑCAT. II, 58. Vgl. kalāpūrṇa. — 2) «ein

Sechzehntel der Mondscheibe» AK. 1, 1, 2, 17. 3, 8. H. 106. an. 2, 477.

MED. śaśinaḥ kalā HIT. Pr. 1. KUMĀRAS. 5, 71. MEGH. 87. ŚIŚ. 9, 32.

śaśikalā VID. 101. candrakalā KATHĀS. 1, 39. Personif. eine Tochter

Kardama’s und Gemahlin Marīci’s BHĀG. P. 3, 24, 22. 4, 1, 13. — 3)

«Zins», als «ein bestimmter Theil des Kapitals» TRIK. H. an. MED. NIR. 6,

6. ŚIŚ. 9, 32. — 4) «ein best. Zeittheil» AK. 3, 4, 26, 200. H. an. MED.

(1/900) «des Tages» oder «4 Minute und 36 Secunden» nach M. 1, 64.

HARIV. 501. VP. 22. (1/1800) «des Tages» oder «48 Secunden» JYOT. in

LIA. I, 823. Sch. zu VP. 22. 20(1/10) Kalā = 1 Muhūrta oder (1/30) des

Tages, also 1 Kalā = «2 Minuten und 26(54/201) Secunden» SUŚR. 1, 19,

5. 30(1/10) Kalā = 1 Muhūrta, also 1 Kalā = 1 «Minute und» 35(205/301)

«Secunden» MBH. in VP. 22, N. 3. 1 Kalā = «8 Secunden» BHAVIṢYA-P. a.

a. O. AK. 1, 1, 3, 11. H. 136. — MBH. 3, 150. DEV. 11, 8. — 5) «der 60ste

Theil» oder «eine Minute eines Grades» SŪRYASIDDH. im ŚKDR. COLEBR.

Misc. Ess. II, 151. — 6) «eine Mora» (in der Prosodie) COLEBR. Misc. Ess.

II, 151. — 7) «Atom(?)»: sa (rasaḥ) khalu trīṇi trīṇi kalāsahasrāṇi

pañcadaśa ca kalā ekakaismindhātāvavatiṣṭhata evaṁ māsena rasaḥ

śuklībhavati strīṇāṁ cārtavamiti. bhavati cātra. aṣṭādaśa sahasrāṇi

saṁkhyā hyasminsamuccaye. kalānāṁ navatiḥ proktā

svatantraparatantrayoḥ.. «in jedem der 6» Dhātu (mit Ausschluss des

rasa selbst) «3015» Kalā, «also in der Gesammtheit 18090» SUŚR. 1, 44,

6. fgg. — 8) Bez. «der Substrate der Elemente» (dhātu) «des

menschlichen Leibes», deren sieben gezählt werden: «Fleisch, Blut, Fett,

zäher Schleim, Urin, Galle, Samen» SUŚR. 1, 326, 13. 18. 337, 15. 19. 2,

268, 21. 269, 2. 443, 12. — 9) «Flöckchen, Knöllchen, ein Embryo

unmittelbar nach der Zeugung» (kalana) H. an. VAIJ. beim Sch. zu ŚIŚ. 1,

59. MED. (kalanā). — 10) «die monatliche Reinigung» VIŚVA im ŚKDR. —

11) «Kunstgriff, Kunstfertigkeit» (= kapaṭa VIŚVA im ŚKDR.), «Kunst»

(namentlich «eine schöne Kunst), Handwerk» AK. 3, 4, 26, 200. 2, 10, 35.

H. 900. H. an. MED. gītavāditrakuśalāḥ nṛtyeṣu kuśalāstathā. upāyajñāḥ

kalā jñāśca vaiśike pariniṣṭhitāḥ (yoṣitaḥ).. R. 1, 9, 8.

upasaṁveśayanrājaṁstatastāṁ drupadātmajām.. kalābhistisṛbhī

rājanyathāvidhi manasvinīm.. MBH. 14, 2645. fg.

catuḥṣaṣṭyaṅgamadadatkalājñānaṁ mamādbhutam 13, 1334. ahaṁ

kalānāmṛṣabho vimuhye yayā (māyayā) vaśo ‘nye kimutāsvatantrāḥ

BHĀG. P. 8, 12, 43. ye caivaṁ puruṣāḥ kalāsu kuśalāsteṣveva lokasthitiḥ

BHARTṚ. 2, 19. 91. sakalakalāpāraṁ gato ‘maraśaktirnāma rājā PAÑCAT.

3, 11. I, 4. kalāṁ vaiśikīm MṚCCH. 1, 15. sāhityasaṁgītakalāvihīnaḥ

BHARTṚ. Suppl. 2. dyūtakalā KATHĀS. 6, 26. nijabāṇijyakalākauśalavādin

27. kalā nṛtyādikā SĀH. D. 33, 7. 6. 1, 15. 35, 12. DAŚAK. 60, 12. 14. 61,

1. catuḥṣaṣṭikalāgamaprayogacatura 140, 4. DHŪRTAS. 68, 14. Ind. St. 2,

390. 1, 10. ŚRĪDHARASVĀMIN zu BHĀG. P. führt aus dem ŚAIVATANTRA

folg. 64 Kalā (vgl. o. d. Beisp. aus MBH. 13, 1334) auf: gītam, vādyam,

nṛtyam, nāṭyam, ālekhyam, viśeṣakacchedyam,

taṇḍulakusumabalivikārāḥ, puṣpāstaraṇam, daśanavasanāṅgarāgāḥ,

maṇibhūmikākarma, śayanaracanam, udakavādyam, udakaghātaḥ, citrā

yogāḥ, mālyagrathanavikalpāḥ, śekharāpīḍayojanam. nepathyayogāḥ,

karṇapatrabhaṅgāḥ, gandhayuktiḥ, bhūṣaṇayojanam, aindrajālam,

kaucumārayogāḥ (!), hastalāghavam, citraśākapūpabhakṣyavikārakriyā,

pānakarasarāgāsavayojanam, sūcīvāpakarmāṇi, sūtrakrīḍā (Var.:

sūcīvāpakarmasūtrakrīḍā, vīṇāḍamarukavādyāni), prahelikā, pratimālā,

durvacakayogāḥ, pustakavācanam, nāṭikākhyāyikādarśanam,

kāvyasamasyāpūraṇam, paṭṭikāvetravāṇavikalpāḥ, tarkukarmāṇi,

takṣaṇam, vāstuvidyā, rūpyaratnaparīkṣā, dhātuvādaḥ, maṇirāgajñānam,

ākarajñānam, vṛkṣāyurvedayogāḥ, meṣakukkuṭalāvakayuddhavidhiḥ,

śukasārikāpralāpanam, utsādanam, keśamārjanakauśalam,

akṣaramuṣṭikākathanam, mlecchitakavikalpāḥ, deśabhāṣājñānam,

puṣpaśakaṭikānimittajñānam, yantramātṛkā, dhāraṇamātṛkā, saṁpāṭyam,

mānasī kāvyakriyā, kriyāvikalpāḥ, chalitakayogāḥ,

abhidhānakoṣacchandojñānam, vastragopanāni, dyūtaviśeṣaḥ,

ākaṣakrīḍā, bālakakrīḍanakāni, vaināyikīnāṁ vidyānāṁ jñānam,

vaijayikīnāṁ vi- jñā-, vaitālikīnāṁ (v. l. vaiyāsikīnāṁ) vi- jñā- ŚKDR. — 12)

«Boot, Schiff» VIŚVA im ŚKDR. — 13) Titel eines gramm. Commentars

COLEBR. Misc. Ess. II, 43. — Vgl. akala, niṣkala, sakala.

kalā 1) aṁśa, kalā, kalāṁśāṁśa der Prakṛti Verz. d. Oxf. H. 23,a,28. fg.

mumocāśrukalāṁ muhuḥ BHĀG. P. 10, 17, 19. 73, 35. aśrukalābhiḥ 11,

29, 45. — 4) 2(78/201) «Minuten» WEBER, JYOT. 105. — 6) Ind. St. 8,

309. — 8) ŚĀRÑG. SAṁH. 1, 5, 2. Bei den Pāśupata sg. «die Elemente der

materiellen Welt»: cetanaparatantratve satyacetanā kalā. sāpi dvividhā

kāryākhyā kāraṇākhyā ceti. tatra kāryākhyā daśavidhā pṛthivyādīni pañca

tattvāni rūpādayaḥ pañca guṇāśceti. kāraṇākhyā trayodaśavidhā

jñānendriyapañcakaṁ karmendriyapañcakam —

buddhyahaṁkāramanolakṣaṇamantaḥkaraṇatrayaṁ ceti

SARVADARŚANAS. 77, 1. fgg. 76, 17. 85, 14. fgg. 86, 15. 87, 3. 8. 88, 3.

90, 2. — 11) -kalāpa Spr. 3016. -jña adj. (f. ā) VARĀH. BṚH. 24, 13. m.

«Künstler» BṚH. S. 53, 8. -vid dass. 5, 37. BṚH. 18, 15. -vidvaṁs dass.

BṚH. S. 33, 19. Verbessere einige der angeführten 64 Kalā nach Verz. d.

Oxf. H. 217,a,1. fgg. und dem Schol. zu BHĀG. P. 10, 45, 36. Sp. 159, Z. 3

ist ākaṣakraḍā Druckfehler für ākaṣakrīḍā und dieses fehlerhaft für

ākarṣa-. — 14) = avidyā WEBER, RĀMAT. UP. 335. — 15) N. der

Dākṣāyaṇī an der Candrabhāgā Verz. d. Oxf. H. 39,b,30. — Vgl. mahā-.

kalā 5) SŪRYAS. 1, 28. 61. 67. 2, 49. 4, 19. 7, 3. 9, 10. 14, 11.

Mani, Vettam: Puranic Encyclopaedia. Delhi 1975

kalā 1 I A measure of time. See under Kālamāna.

kalā 2 II Art. The sixtyfour arts are as under;-(1) Gīta (music). (2) Vādya

(instrumental music). (3) Nṛtya (Dancing). (4) Nāṭya (histrionics). (5)

Citra (painting). (6) Accunirmāṇa (making of types). (7) Puṣpanirmāṇa

(flower-gardening). (8) Pūmettaracanā (artistic flower laying). (9)

Dehālaṅkaraṇa (Dressing). (10) Gṛhālaṅkaraṇa (furnishing of houses).

(11) Śayyānirmāṇa (making of beds). (12) Jalataraṅga (music with

water). (13) Jalavādya (music on water). (14) Vividhaveṣadhāraṇa

(wearing different kinds of dresses). (15) Mālānirmāṇa (making of flower

garlands). (16) Keśālaṅkāra (hair dressing). (17) Vastradhāraṇa (wearing

of dresses). (18) Karṇabhūṣaṇanirmāṇa (making of ear-ornaments). (19)

Sugandhapuṣpasañcayana (collection of sweet-smelling flowers). (20)

Alaṁkṛtāhāra (decorating food articles). (21) Indrajāla (magic). (22)

Bhaṅgīkaraṇa (beautification). (23) Karaśucīkaraṇa (cleaning of the

hands). (24) Modakanirmāṇa (making of sweet-meats). (25)

Pānīyanirmāṇa (making of drinks). (26) Tailoring. (27) Jālanirmāṇa

(making of nets). (28). Riddle. (29) Akṣaraśloka (competition in the

reciting of poems according to certain rules). (30) Arthaviśadīkaraṇa

(clarification of meaning). (31) Granthapārāyaṇa (reading of books). (32)

Nāṭakadarśana (enacting of plays). (33) Samasyā pūraṇa (part of a

verse, generally the last line, proposed by one person to be completed by

another as a trial of skill). (34) Nirmāṇa (making of cots of canes). (35)

Carpentry. (36) Logic. (37) Vāstuvidyā (science of building homes). (38)

Svarṇaratnapariśodhana (connoisseurship of gold and diamonds). (39)

Dhātusaṁskaraṇa (purification of metals). (40) Skill in distinguishing the

colours of diamonds. (41) Khaniparīkṣana (finding out of mines). (42)

Understanding trees and their value (Vṛkṣāyurvedayoga). (43) Cockfight.

(44) Understanding the language of birds like Mainā. (45) Massaging.

(46) Keśaprakṣālana. (47) Akṣara muṣṭikā kathana. (48)

Videśabhāṣāpaṭhana (Learning of foreign languages). (49) Deśabhāṣā-

jñāna. (knowledge of the language of one’s own country). (50)

Bhāvikālapravacana (fortunetelling). (51) Yantranirmāṇa (making of

machines). (52) Smaraṇaśaktipoṣaṇa (increasing memory power). (53)

Śravaṇapāṭha (studying by hearing). (54) Nimiṣakavana (Instant

poetry-making). (55) Kriyāvikalpa. (56) Kapaṭabhāva (False poses), (57)

Chandojñāna (knowledge of different metres). (58) Vastragopana. (59)

Game of dice. (60) Another gambling game. (61) Bālalīlā (entertainment

of children). (62) Vinayācārakrama (etiquette). (63) Vaitālikavidyājñāna

(panegyrics). (64) Kāryagrahaṇa (comprehension of facts)

(Śabdasāgara).

Benfey, Theodor: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1866

kalā kalā, i. e. kṛ10 + a, f.

1. A small part, Man. 8, 36.

2. A part, Man. 2, 86.

3. The sixteenth part of the moon’s disc, Hit. pr. d. 1.

4. Interest on capital, Śiś. 9, 32 (at the same time, a sixteenth part of

the moon’s disc).

5. A division of time, Man. 1, 64.

6. One of the seven elements of the human body, as blood, etc., Suśr.

1, 326, 13.

7. One of the sixty-four mechanical or elegant arts, Rām. 1, 9, 8;

Daśak. in Chr. 180, 7; 9.

— Comp. niṣkala, i. e. nis-, adj., f. lā, 1. undivided, MBh. 13, 1044. 2.

maimed, infirm, MBh. 3, 13851. sa-kala, adj. f. lā, 1. whole, Vikr. d. 95. 2.

all, Pañc. 53, 21; 55, 12.

Cappeller, Carl: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, based upon the St.

Petersburg Lexicons. Strassburg : 1891

kalā f. a small part, esp. a sixteenth of the moon’s orb; a cert. small

division of time; an art (there are 64).

Macdonell, Arthur Anthony: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1893

kalā kalā, f. small part, esp. one-sixteenth; sixteenth part of the moon’s

disc; interest on capital; small division of time (ranging between 8

seconds and about 2.5 minutes according to different statements);

artistic skill; art (of which there are 64);

-keli, a. practising an art as an amusement;

-jña, a. understanding an art or the arts; m. artist;

-dhara, a. possessing an art or the arts; m. moon;

-nātha, m. moon;

-nidhi, m. id..

Rādhākāntadeva: Śabdakalpadruma (5 Vol). Third edition, reprint of the

1886 edition. Varanasi : 1967

kalā strī, (kalayati vṛddhito dhanaṁ saṁgṛhṇāti sañcinotītyarthaḥ . kala +

ac + ṭāp .) mūladhanavṛddhiḥ . sud iti bhāṣā . śilpādi . (yathā rāmāyaṇe 1

. 9 . 8 .

gītavāditrakuśalā nṛtyeṣu kuśalāstathā .

upāyajñāḥ kalājñāśca vaiśike pariniṣṭhitāḥ ..) aṁśamātram .

candrasya ṣoḍaśāṁśaḥ . (yathā, vakroktipañcāśikāyām . sālaṅkāratayā

tvayā mama kathaṁ nendoḥ kalā dṛśyate, paśyāmīndukalāṁ sphuṭaṁ

punaridaṁ laṅkāratā nāsmi yat ..) kālamānaḥ . sa tu

triṁśatkāṣṭhātmakaḥ . iti medinī .. (triṁśat kāṣṭhāḥ kalāḥ . iti suśrute

sūtre 6 aḥ .. śarīrasyāṁśaviśeṣo yathā —

māṁsāsṛṅmedasāṁ tisro yakṛtplīhnoścaturthikā .

pañcamī ca tathānnānāṁ ṣaṣṭhīcāgnidharā matā .

retodharā saptamī myāditi saptakalāḥ smṛtāḥ .. iti pūrbakhaṇḍe

pañcame’dhyāye śārṅgadhareṇoktam ..) strorajaḥ . naukā . kapaṭaḥ . iti

viśvaḥ . rāśeṣtraṁ śadbhāgo’śastasya ṣaṣṭibhāgaḥ . yathā —

ṣikalānāṁ kalā ṣaṣṭyā tatṣaṣṭyā bhāga ucyate .

tattriṁśatā bhavedrāśirbhagaṇo dvādaśaiva te .. iti sūryasiddhāntaḥ ..

atha śaivatantroktāścatuḥṣaṣṭikalā likhyante . gītam 1 vādyam 2 nṛtyam 3

nāṭhyam 4 ālekhyam 5 viśeṣakacchedyam 6 taṇḍulakusumabalivikārāḥ 7

puṣpāstaraṇam 8 daśanavasanāṅgarāgāḥ 9 maṇibhūmikākarma 10

śayanaracanam 11 udakavādyam 12 udakaghātaḥ 13 citrāyogāḥ 14

mālyagrathanavikalpāḥ 15 śekharāpīḍayojanam 16 nepathyayogāḥ 17

karṇapatrabhaṅgāḥ 18 gandhayuktiḥ 19 bhūṣaṇayojanam 20 aindrajālam

21 kaucumārayogāḥ 22 hastalāghavam 23

citraśākapūpabhakṣyavikārakriyā 24 pānakarasarāgāsavayojanam 25

sūcīvāpakarmāṇi 26 sūtrakrīḍā 27 prahelikā 28 pratimālā 29

duvvacakayogāḥ 30 pustakavācanam 31 nāṭikākhyāyikādarśanam 32

kāvyasamasyāpūraṇam 33 paṭṭikāvetravāṇavikalpāḥ 34 tarkukarmāṇi 35

takṣaṇam 36 vāstuvidyā 37 rūpyaratnaparīkṣā 38 dhātuvādaḥ 39

maṇirāgajñānam 40 ākarajñānam 41 vṛkṣāyurvedayogāḥ 42

meṣakukkuṭalāvakayuddhavidhiḥ 43 śukaśārikāpralāpanam 44 utsādanam

45 keśamārjanakauśalam 46 akṣaramuṣṭikākathanam 47

mlecchitakavikalpāḥ 48 deśabhāṣājñānam 49

puṣpaśakaṭikānimittajñānam 50 yantramātṛkā 51 dhāraṇamātṛkā 52

sampāṭyam 53 mānasīkāvyakriyā 54 kriyāvikalpāḥ 55 chalitakayogāḥ 56

abhidhānakoṣacchandojñānam 57 vastragopanāni 58 dyūtaviśeṣaḥ 59

ākarṣakrīḍā 60 bālakakrīḍanakāni 61 vaināyikīnāṁ vidyānāṁ jñānam 62

vaijayikīnāṁ vidyānāṁ jñānam 63 vaitālikīnāṁ vidyānāṁ jñānam 64 . iti

śrībhāgavataṭīkāyāṁ śrīdharasvāmī .. kvacit pustake

sūcīvāpakarmasūtrakrīḍā ityekaṁ padaṁ taduttaraṁ

vīṇāḍamarukavādyānivaitālikīnāmityatra vaiyāsikīnāmiti ca pāṭhaḥ .. (jihvā

. yathā haṭhayogapradīpikāyām 3 . 37 .

kalāṁ parāṅmukhīṁ kṛtvā tripathe pariyojayet .. kalāṁ jihvāṁ

parāṅmakhamāsyaṁ yasyāḥ sā tathā tāṁ pratyaṅmukhīṁ kṛtvā tisṛṇāṁ

nāḍīnāṁ panthāḥ tasmin kapālakuhare saṁyojayet . iti taṭṭīkā .. śivaḥ .

yathā mahābhārate 13 . 17 . 140 .

kalāḥkāṣṭhā lavā mātrā muhūrtāhaḥ kṣapāḥkṣaṇāḥ ..)

Bhaṭṭācārya: Vācaspatyam (6 Vol). Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series 94,

reprint of the 1873-1884 edition. Varanasi : 1962

kalā strī kalayati kalate vā kartari ac kalyate jñāyate karmaṇi ac vā .

candramaṇḍalasya ṣoḍaśe bhāge yathā ca candrasya ṣoḍaśabhāgasya

kalāśabdavācyatvam . tathā kālamā° uktaṁ yathā skāndeamā

ṣoḍaśabhāgena devi! proktā mahākalā . saṁsthitā paramā māyā dehināṁ

dehadhāriṇī . amādipaurṇamāsyantā yā eva śaśinaḥ kalāḥ . tithayastāḥ

samākhyātāḥ ṣoḍaśaiva varānane! iti ayamarthaḥ yā mahāmāyā

ādhāraśaktirūpā dehināṁ dehadhāriṇī saṁsthitā sā candramaṇḍalasya

ṣoḍaśabhāgena parimitā candradehadhāriṇyamānāmnī mahākaleti proktā

kṣayodayarahitā nityā tithisaṁjñikaiva itarā api pañcadaśa kalā

divasavyavahāropayoginyaḥ kṣayodayavatyaḥ, pañcadaśa tithayo

bhavantīti tithayaḥ ṣoḍaśaivetyaviruddhaṁ vacanamiti .

śrutistvasminnarthe pakṣanirṇaya evodāhṛtā . tasya rātraya eva

pañcadaśa kalā dhruvaivāsya ṣoḍaśī kaleti . evañca satyatra

sāmānyaviśeṣarūpeṇa tithidvaividhyamuktaṁ bhavati tatra

yeyamametyuktā kṣayodayavivarjitā dhruvā ṣoḍaśī kalā tadyuktaḥ

kālastithisāmānyaṁ yāstvavaśiṣṭāḥ vṛddhikṣayopetāḥ pañcadaśa

kalāstābhirviśiṣṭāḥ kālavibhāgāstithiviśeṣāḥ . tāsāṁ

pañcadaśānāmekaikāṁ kalāṁ bahnyādayaḥ prajāpatyantāḥ pañcadaśa

devatāḥ krameṇa pibanti . tatra vahninā yā kalā prathamaṁ pīyate mā

prathametyucyate, tayā yuktaḥ kālaviśeṣaḥ prātha myavācinā

pratipacchabdenābhidhīyate . evaṁ dvitīyādīnā pañcadaśyantānāṁ

tithīnāṁ nāmānyavagantavyāni, tā etāḥ kṛṣṇapakṣe tithayo bhavanti .

punaśca tāḥ pītāḥ kalāstenaiva krameṇa tatra tathā vahnyādidevatābhyo

nirgatya candamaṇḍalaṁ pūrayanti tābhiryuktāḥ kālaviśeṣāḥ

śuklapakṣagatāḥ prati padādyāstithayo bhavanti . bahnyādidevatānāṁ

kalāpānaṁ somotpattau paṭhitam, tathā hi prathamāṁ pibate

vahnirdvitīyāṁ pibate raviḥ . viśvedevāstṛtīyāntu caturthīṁ salilādhipaḥ .

pañcamīṁ tu vaṣaṭkāraḥ ṣaṣṭhī pibati vāsavaḥ . saptamāmṛṣayodivyā

aṣṭamīmaja ekapāt . navamīṁ kṛṣṇapakṣe ‘sya yamaḥ prāśnāti vai kalām

. daśamīṁ pibate vāyuḥ pibatyekādaśīmumā . dvādaśīṁ pitaraḥ sarve

samaṁ prāśnanti bhāgaśaḥ . trayodaśīṁ dhanādhyakṣaḥ kuveraḥ pibate

kalām . caturdaśīṁ paśupatiḥ pañcadaśīṁ prajāpatiḥ . niṣmītaḥ kalayā

śeṣaścandramā na prakāśate . kalā ṣoḍaśikā yā sā tvapaḥ praviśate sadā

. amāyāṁ tu sadā soma oṣadhīḥ pratipadyate . tamoṣadhigataṁ gāvaḥ

pibantyambugatañca yat . tatkṣīramamṛtaṁ bhūtvā mantrapūtaṁ

dvijātibhiḥ . hutamagniṣu yajñeṣu punarāpyāyate śaśī . dine dine

kalāvṛddhiḥ paurṇamāsyāṁ tu pūrṇateti .

evaṁ ṣoḍaśānāṁ kalānāmekā nityā anyā kṣayodayaśālinī, tadetat

spaṣṭamuktam śata° brā° 14, 4, 3, 22 . yathā prajāpatiḥ

ṣoḍaśakalastasya rātraya eva pañcadaśakalā dhruvaivāsya ṣoḍaśī kalā sa

rātribhirevā ca pūryate ‘pa ca kṣīyate so’māvāsyāṁ rātrimetayā ṣoḍaśyā

kalayā sarvamidaṁ prāṇabhṛdanupraviśya tataḥ prātarjāyate tasmādetāṁ

rātriṁ prāṇabhṛtaḥ prāṇaṁ na vicchindyādapi kṛkalāsasya

yo’yamannātmā prajāpatiḥ prakṛtaḥ sa eṣa saṁvatsarātmanā viśeṣato

nirdiśyate rātrayaḥ ahorātrāṇi tithaya eva pratipadādyāḥ dhruvaiva

nityaiva vyavasthitā . etāsāṁ vittatvaṁ vaktuṁ tatsādharmyamāha sa

candrātmā prajāpatīrātribhireva pratipadrādyābhirupacīyamānābhiḥ

śuklapakṣe vardhate kṛṣṇapakṣe tābhirevāpacīyamānābhiḥ

kalābhirapakṣīyate amāvāsyāyāṁ dhruvaikā kalā vyavasthitā . evaṁ

kalānāṁ vittatve siddhe tadupacayāpacayau karmetyabhipretyāha sa

kalātmā prajāpatiramāvāsyāṁ rātriṁ rātrau yā dhruvā kalātrāvasthitoktā

etayā ṣoḍaśyā kalayā sarvamidaṁ prāṇijātaṁ

sthāvarajaṅgamātmakamanupraviśya yadapaḥ pibati yaccoṣadhīraśnāti

tat sarvamevauṣadhyātmanā vyāpyāmāvāsyāṁ rātrimavasthāya

tato’paredyuḥ prātarjāyate dvitoyayā saṁyukto bhavati evamasau

prajāpatiḥ pāṅaktātmakaḥ saṁvṛttaḥ evaṁ prajāpateḥ

pāṅktakarmaphalatvamuktvā prāsaṅgikamathamāha tasmāditi prāṇinaṁ

na pramāpayet kṛkalāsasyāpi saraṭasyāpi prāṇaṁ na vicchindyāt bhā° .

candrakalānāṁ nāmabhedādikamanupadaṁ vakṣyate . sarvābhiḥ sarvadā

candrastaṁ kalābhirniṣevate jyotsnāntarāṇīva kalāntarāṇi . kalā ca sā

kāntimatī kalā(va)bhṛtaḥ kumā° . kalāsamagreṇa gṛhānamuñcatā

kalādadhānaḥ sakalāḥ svabhābhirudbhāsayan saudhasitābhirāśāḥ

nidhirambhasāmupacayāya kalāḥ iti ca bhāghaḥ kalādharaḥ kalābhṛt

kalānidhiḥ kalāvān . 2 avayavamātre ca . somasūryāgnibhedena

mātṛkāvarṇa sambhavāḥ . aṣṭatriṁśatkalāstattanmaṇḍaleṣu vyavasthitāḥ

śā° ti° . somamaṇḍalasya ṣoḍaśakalatā sūryamaṇḍalasya dvādaśakalatā

vahnimaṇḍalasya daśakalatoktā tāsāṁ nāmāni dhyeyarūpāṇi ca tatra

darśitāni yathāamṛtā mānadā pūṣā tuṣṭiḥpuṣṭoratirdhṛtiḥ . śaśinī candrikā

kāntirjyotsnā śrīḥ prītiraṅgadā . pūrṇā pūrṇāmṛtā kāmadāyinyaḥ svarajāḥ

kalāḥ 16 . tapinī tāpinī dhūmrā marīcirjvālinī ruciḥ . suṣumṇā bhogadā

viśvā yodhinī dhāriṇī kṣamā . kañādyā vasudāḥ saurāḥ ṭaṭhāntā

dvādaśeritāḥ 12 . dhūmrārcirūṣmā jvalinī jvālinī visphuliṅginī . suśrīḥ

surūpā kapilā havyakavyavahe api . ḍādīnāṁ daśavarṇānāṁ kalā

dharmapradā imāḥ 10 . abhayeṣṭakarādhyeyā śvetapītāruṇāḥ kramāt .

tathā akārokāramakāranādavindvātmakapraṇavasya

pañcāśatkalātmakatāmuktvā tannāmadheyarūpāṇyapi tatroktāni

yathātārasya pañcabhedasya pañcāśadvarṇagāḥ kalāḥ .

sṛṣṭirṛddhiḥsmṛtirmedhā kāntirlakṣmīrdhṛtiḥ sthirā . sthitiḥ siddhiriti

proktā kacavarnakalāḥ 10 kramāt .

akārādbrahmaṇotpannāstaptacāmīkaraprabhāḥ . etāḥ

karadhṛtākṣasrakpaṅkajadvayakuṇḍikāḥ . jarā ca pālinī śāntiraiśvarī

ratikāmike . varadāhlādinī prītirdīrghā svuṣṭatavargajāḥ 10 .

ukārādviṣṇunotpannāstamāladalasannibhāḥ . abhītiśaṅkha

cakreṣṭabāhavaḥ parikīrtitāḥ . tīkṣṇā raudrī bhayā nidrā tandrā kṣut

krodhinī kriyā . utkarī mutya retāḥ syuḥ kathitāḥ payavargajāḥ 10 .

rudreṇa mārṇādutpannāḥ śaraccandrasamaprabhāḥ . udvahantyo’bhayaṁ

śūlaṁ kapālaṁ bāhubhirvaram . īśvareṇoditā vindoḥpītāśvetā’ruṇā’sitāḥ 4

. anantāstāḥṣavargasthā javākusumasannibhāḥ . abhayaṁ hariṇaṁ

ṭhaṅkaṁ dadhānā bāhubhirvaram . nivṛttiḥ supratiṣṭhā svādvidyā

śāntiranantaram . indhikā dīpikā caiva recikā mocikāparā . sūkṣmā

sūkṣmāmṛtā jñānāmṛtā cāpyāyinī tathā . vyāpinī vyomarūpā syuranantāḥ

svarasaṁgatāḥ 16 . sadāśivena saṁjātānādādetāḥ sitatviṣaḥ .

akṣasrakpustakaguṇakapā lāṭyakarāmbujāḥ . nyāse tu yojayedādau

ṣoḍaśa svarajāḥ kalāḥ . iti pañcāśadākhyātāḥ kalāḥ sarvasamṛddhidāḥ

kalyate jñāyate’nena . aṁśatulye 3 upādhibhede ca . tasmai sa hovāca .

ihaivāntaḥ śarīre saumya! sa puruṣo yasminnetāḥ ṣoḍaśa kalāḥ

prabhavantīti paśropaniṣat . tasmai sa hovāca . ihaivāntaḥ śarīre

hṛdayapuṇḍarīkākāśamadhye he saumya! sa puruṣo na deśāntare vijñeyo

yasmin etā ucyamānāḥ ṣoḍaśa kalāḥ prāṇādyāḥ prabhavantyutpadyanta

iti ṣoḍaśakalābhirupādhirūpābhiḥ sakala iva niṣkalaḥ puruṣo

lakṣyate’vidyayeti bhāṣyam . puruṣasya ṣoḍaśakalatvaṁ na

sākṣātsāvayavatvena, kintu kalājanakatvena tadupādhimattvāditi

vaktuṁyasminnetā iti vākyatātparyamāha ṣoḍaśakalābhiriti ānanda0

yathā ca puruṣasya voḍaśakakṣatvaṁ tathoktaṁ tatraiva

praśnopaniṣadi śaṅkarācāryakṛtatadbhāṣye ca yathāsa īkṣāñcakre

kasminnahamutkrānta utkrānto bhaviṣyāmi kasmin vā pratiṣṭhite

pratiṣṭhāsyāmīti upa° . tadupādhikalādhyāropāpanayanena vidyayā sa

puruṣaḥ kevalo darśayitavya iti kalānāṁ tatprabhavatvamucyate .

prāṇādīnāmatyantanirviśeṣe hyadvaye śuddhe tattve

śakyate’dhyāropamantareṇa pratipādyapratipādanādivyavahāraḥ kartumiti

kalānāṁ prabhavasthityapyayā āropyante

avidyāviṣayāścaitanyāvyatirekeṇaiva hi kalā jāyamānāstiṣṭhantyaḥ

pralīyamānāśca sarvadā lakṣyante . ata eva bhrāntāḥ

kecidagnisaṁyogādghṛtamiva ghaṭādyākāreṇa caitanyameva pratikṣaṇaṁ

jāyate naśyatīti tannirodhe śūnyamiva sarvamiti . apare ghaṭādiviṣayaṁ

caitanyaṁ cetayiturnityasyātmano’nityaṁ jāyate vinaśyatīti . apare

caitanyaṁbhūtadharma iti laukāyatikāḥ .

anapāyopajananadharmakacaitanyamātmaiva

nāmarūpādyupādhidharmaiḥ pratyavabhāsate . satyaṁ jñānamānandaṁ

brahma vijñānaghana evetyādi śrutibhyaḥ . svarūpāvyabhicārāt yathā

yathā yo yaḥ padārtho vijñāyate tathā tathā jñāyamānatvādeva tasya

tasya caitanyasyāvyabhicāritvaṁ vastu ca bhavati kiñcinna jñāyata iti

cānupapannam . rūpañca dṛśyate na cāsti cakṣuriti vat . vyabhicarati tu

jñānaṁ, jñeyaṁ na vyabhicarati kadācidapi . jñeyābhāve’pi

jñeyāntarebhāvājjñānasya . na hi jñāne’sati jñeyaṁ nāma bhavati

kasyacitsuṣupte’darśanāt jñānasyāpi

suṣupte’bhāvājjñeyājjñānasvarūpasya vyabhicāra iti cenna .

jñeyāvabhāsakasya jñānasyālokavajjñeyābhivyañjakatvāt

svavyaṅgyābhāve ālokābhāvānupapattivat suṣupne

vijñānābhāvānupapatteḥ . na hyandhakāre cakṣuṣo rūpānupalabdhau

cakṣuṣo’bhāvaḥ śakyaḥ kalpayitumavaināśikena . vaināśiko jñeyābhāve

jñānābhāvaṁ kalpayatyeveti cet? yena tadabhāvaṁ kalpayettasyābhāvaḥ

kena kalpyata iti vaktavyam vaināśikena . tadabhāvasyāpi

jñeyatvājjñānābhāve jñānābhāva iti cet? na, abhāvasyāpi

jñeyatvābhyupagamādabhāvo’pi jñeyo’bhyupagamyate vaināśikaiḥ,

nityañca tadavyatiriktañcejjñānaṁ nityaṁ kalpitaṁ syāttadabhāvasya ca

jñānātmakatvādabhāvatvaṁ vāṅmātrameva na

paramārthato’bhāvatvamanityatvaṁ ca jñānasya . na ca nityasya

jñānasyābhāvonāmamātrādhyārope kinnaśchinnam . athābhāvo jñeyo’pi

san jñānavadatirikta iti cenna tarhi jñeyābhāve jñānābhāvaḥ jñeyaṁ

jñānavyatiriktaṁ na tu jñānaṁ jñeyavyatiriktamiti cenna .

śabdamātratvādviśeṣānupapatteḥ .

jñeyajñānayorekatvañcedabhyupagamyate—jñeyaṁ jñānavyatiriktaṁ na

jñeyavyatiriktaṁ jñānam jñeyavyatiriktaṁ neti tu śabdamātrameva

tadvahniragnivyatirikto’gnirna vahnivyatirikta iti yadvadabhyupagamya

jñeyavyatireke tu jñānasya jñeyābhāve jñānābhāvānupapattiḥ siddhā .

jñeyābhāve’darśanādabhāvo jñānasyeti cenna suṣpterityabhyupagamāt .

vaināśikairabhyupagamyate hi suṣupte’pi vijñānāstitvaṁ, tatrāpi

jñeyasattvamabhyupagamyate jñānasya svenaiveti cenna bhedasya

siddhatvāt . siddhaṁ hyabhāvajñeyaviṣayasya

jñānasyābhāvajñeyavyatirekājjñeyajñānayoranyatvam . na hi tatsiddhaṁ

mṛtamivojjīvayituṁ punaranyathā kartuṁ śakyate vaināśikaśatairapi

jñānasya jñeyatvameveti . tadapyanyena tadapyanyeneti

tvatpakṣe’tiprasaṅga iti cenna tadvibhāgopapatteḥ . sarvasya yadā hi

sarvaṁ jñeyaṁ kasyacittadā tadvyatiriktaṁ jñānaṁ jñānameveti dvitīyo

vibhāga evābhyupagamyate’vaināśikaiḥ . na tṛtīyastadviṣaya

ityanavasthānupapattiḥ jñānasya sve vāvijñeyatve sarvajñatvahāniriti

cet? so’pi doṣastasyaivāstu kintannivarhaṇenāsmākamanavasthādoṣaśca

jñānasya jñayatvābhyupagamādavaśyañcaiva vaināśikānāṁ jñānaṁ

jñeyam svātmanā cāvijñeyatvenanavasthā’nivāryā . samāna evāyaṁ doṣa

iti cenna jñānasyaikatvopapatteḥ .

sarvadeśakālapuruṣādyavasthamekameva jñānaṁ

nāmarūpādyanekopādhibhedāt

savitrādijalādiprativimbavadanekatayāvabhāsata iti . nā’sau doṣaḥ . tathā

cedihedamucyate . nanuśruterihaivāntaḥ śarīre paricchinnaḥ

kuṇḍavadaravatpuruṣa iti, na prāṇādikalākāraṇatvāt . na hi

śarīramātraparicchinnasya prāṇasya śraddhādīnāṁ kalānāṁ kāraṇatvaṁ

pratipattuṁ śaknuyāt . kalākāryatvācca śarīrasya . na hi puruṣakāryāṇāṁ

kalānāṁ kāryaṁ saccharīraṁ kāraṇakāraṇaṁ svasya puruṣaṁ

kuṇḍavadaramivābhyantaraṁ kuryāt, vījavatsyāditi cet? yathā vījakāryo

vṛkṣastatkāryañca phalaṁ svakāraṇakāraṇaṁ

vījamabhyantarīkarotyāmrādi tadvatpuruṣamabhyantarīkuryāt śarīraṁ

svakāraṇakāraṇamapīti cenna anyatvāt sāvayavatvācca . dṛṣṭānte

kāraṇavījādvṛkṣaphalasaṁvṛttānyanyānyeva vījāni dārṣṭāntike tu

svakāraṇakāraṇabhūtaḥ sa eva puruṣaḥ śarīre’bhyantarīkṛtaḥ śrūyate .

vījavṛkṣādīnāṁ sāvayavatvācca syādādhārādheyatvaṁ niravayavaśca

puruṣaḥ sāvayavāśca kalāḥ śarīrañca etenākāśasyāpi

śarīrādhāratvamanupapannaṁ kimutākāśakāraṇasya puruṣasya

tasmādasamāno dṛṣṭāntaḥ . kindṛṣṭāntena vacanāt syāditi cenna

vacanasyākārakatvāt . na hi vacanaṁ vastuno’nyathākaraṇe vyāpriyate

kintarhi yathābhūtārthāvadyotane . tasmādantaḥ śarīra ityetadvacanaṁ

aṇḍasyāntarvyometivacca draṣṭavyam . upalabdhinimittatvācca .

darśanaśravaṇamananavijñānādiliṅgairantaḥśarīre paricchinna iva

hyupalabhyate cāta ucyate—antaḥśarīre somya! sa puruṣa iti . na

punarākāśakāraṇaṁ san kuṇḍavadaravaccharīraparicchinna iti

manasāpīcchati vaktuṁ mūḍho’pi! kimuta pramāṇabhūtā śrutiḥ .

yasminnetāḥ ṣoḍaśa kalāḥ prabhavantītyuktaṁ puruṣaviśeṣaṇāthaṁ

kalānāṁ prabhavaḥ, sa cānyo’rtho’pi śrutaḥ kena krameṇa syādityata

idamucyate . cetanapūrvikā ca sṛṣṭirityevamarthe ca puruṣaḥ ṣoḍaśakalaḥ

pṛṣṭo yo bhāradvājena, sa īkṣāñcakre īkṣaṇaṁ darśanaṁ cakre

kṛtavānityarthaḥ . sṛṣṭiphalakramādiviṣayaṁ kathamityucyate kasmin

kartṛviśeṣe dehādutkrānto bhaviṣyāmyahameva vā kasminvā śarīre

pratiṣṭhite’haṁ pratiṣṭhāsyāmi pratiṣṭhitaḥ syāmityarthaḥ .

sa prāṇamasṛjata prāṇācchraddhāṁ khaṁvāyurjyotirāpaḥ

pṛthivīndriyam . mano’nnamannādvīryaṁ tapo mantrāḥ karmalokā lokeṣu

ca nāma ca upani° . nanvātmā’kartā, pradhānaṁ kartṛ, ataḥ puruṣāthe

prayojanamurarīkṛtya pradhānaṁ pravartate mahadādyākāreṇa,

tatredamanupapannaṁ puruṣasya svātantryeṇekṣāpūrvakaṁ

kartṛtvavacanaṁ satvādiguṇasāmye pradhāne pramāṇopapanne

sṛṣṭikartari sati īśvarecchānuvartiṣu paramāṇuṣu satsvātmano’pyekatvena

kartṛtve sādhanābhāvādātmana ātmanyanarthakartṛtvānupapatteśca . na

hi cetanāvān buddhipūrvakāryātmano’narthaṁ kuryāt,

tasmātpuruṣārthena prayojanenekṣāpūrvakamiva niyatakrameṇa

pravartamāne’cetane pradhāne cetanavadupacāro’yaṁ—sa īkṣāñcakre

ityādiḥ . yathā rājñaḥ sarvārthakāriṇi bhṛtye rājeti iti cet? nātmano

bhoktṛtvavatkartṛtvopapatteḥ . yathā sāṅkhyasya

cinmātrasyāpariṇāmino’pyātmano bhoktṛtvaṁ

tadvadvedavādinābhīkṣādipūrvakaṁ jagatkartṛtvamupapannaṁ

śrutiprāmāṇyāt .

tattvāntarapariṇāmādātmano’nityatvāśuddhatvānekatvanimittacinmātrasv

arūpavikriyātaḥ puruṣasyātmanyeva bhoktṛtve cinmātrasvarūpavikriyā na

doṣāya . bhavatāṁ ṣunarvedavādināṁ sṛṣṭikartṛtve tattvāntarapariṇāma

evetyātmano’nityatvādisarvadoṣaprasaṅga iti cenna,

ekasyāpyātmano’vidyāviṣayanāmarūpopādhyanupādhikṛtaviśeṣābhyupaga

mādavidyākṛtanāmarūpopādhikṛto hi viśeṣo’bhyupagamyate

ātmanobandhamokṣādiśāstrakṛtasaṁvyavahārādyuparamārthaṁ

paramārthatī’nupādhikṛtañca tattvamekamevādvitīyamupādeyaṁ

sarvatārkikabuddhyanavagāhyamabhaya śivamiṣyate na tatra kartṛtvaṁ

bhoktṛtvaṁ vā kriyākārakaphalañca syādadvaitatvātsarvabhāvānām .

sāṅkhyāstvavidyādhyāropitameva puruṣe kartṛtvaṁ kriyākārakaṁ

phalañceti kalpayitvā»gamabāhyatvātpunastatastrasyantaḥ paramārthata

eva bhoktṛtvaṁ puruṣasyecchanti tattvāntarañca pradhānaṁ puruṣāt

paramārthavastubhūtameva kalpayanto’nyatārkikanirākṛtabaddhiviṣayāḥ

santo vihanyante . tathetare tārkikāḥ sāṅkhyairityevaṁ

parasparaviruddhārthakalpanāt āmiṣāthina iva prāṇino’nyonyaṁ

virudhyamānā arthadarśitvāt

paramārthatattvāddūramevāpakṛṣyante’tastanmatamanādṛtya

vedāntārthatattvamekatvadarśanaṁ pratyādaravanto mumukṣavaḥ syuriti

tārkikamate doṣadarśanaṁ kiñciducyate ‘smābhiḥ na tu tārkikatātparyeṇa

tathaitat atroktam . vivadan khe’vanikṣipya virodhodbhavakāraṇam . taiḥ

saṁrakṣitasadbuddhiḥ sukhaṁ nirvāti vedadit . kiñca—

bhoktṛtvakartṛtvayorvikriyayorviśeṣānupapattiḥ . kā nāmāsau

kartṛtvājjātyantarabhūtā bhoktṛtvaviśiṣṭā vikriyā yato bhoktaiva puruṣaḥ

kalpyate na kartā . pradhānantu kartreva na bhoktriti nanūktaṁ

puruṣaścinmātra eva svātmastho vikriyate

bhuñjāno’nantāntarapariṇāmena . pradhānantu tattvāntarapariṇāmena

vikriyate’to’nekamaśuddhamacetanañcetyādidharmavattadviparītaḥ

puruṣaḥ . nā’sau viśeṣo vāḍmātratvātprāgbhogotpatteḥ .

kevalacinmātrasya puruṣasya bhoktṛtvaṁ nāma viśeṣo bhogotpattikāle

cejjāyate nivṛtte ca bhoge puniṣastadvādaśebhetaścinmātra eva bhavatīti

cenmahadādyākāreṇa ca pariṇamya pradhānaṁ tato’petya punaḥ

pradhānaṁ kharūpeṇāvatiṣṭhata iti asyāṁ kalpanāyāṁ na kaścidviśeṣa iti

vāṅmātreṇa pradhānapuruṣayorviśiṣṭavikriyā kalpyate . atha bhogakāle’pi

cinmātra eva prāgvatpuruṣa iti cet? na tarhi paramārthato bhogaḥ

puruṣasya . bhogakāle cinmātrasya vikriyā paramārthaiva, tena bhogaḥ

puruṣasyeti cenna pradhānasyāpi

bhogakāle’vikriyatvādbhoktṛtvaprasaṅgaḥ . cinmātrasyaiva

vikriyābhoktṛtvamiti

cedauṣṇyādasādhāraṇadharmavatāmagnyādonāmabhoktṛtve

hetvanupapattiḥ . pradhānapuruṣayoryugapadbhoktṛtvamiti cenna

pradhānasya pārārthyānupapatteḥ . na hi

bhoktrordvayoritaretaraguṇapradhānabhāva upapadyate

prakāśayorivetaretaraprakāśane . bhogadharmavati satvāṅgini cetasi

puruṣasya caitanyaprativimbādayo’vikriyasya puruṣasya bhoktṛtvamiti

cenna puruṣasya kasyāpanayanārthaṁ mokṣasā dhanaṁ śāstraṁ

praṇīyate’vidyādhyāropitānarthāpanayanāya śāstrapraṇayanamiti cet?

paramārthataḥ puruṣo bhoktaiva na kartā pradhānaṁ kartreva na bhoktṛ

paramarthasadvastvantaraṁ puruṣāccetīyaṁ kalpanā»gamabāhyā

vyarthā nirhetukā ca iti nādartavyā mumukṣubhiḥ . ekatve’pi

śāstrapraṇayanādyānarthakyamiti cenna abhāvāt . na hi

śāstrapraṇetrādiṣu tatphalārthiṣu ca śāstrasya praṇayanamanarthakaṁ

sārthakañceti kalpanā syāt . na hyātmaikatve

śāstrapraṇetrādayastato’bhinnāḥ santi tadabhāve

evaṁvikalpanaivānupapannāḥ . abhyupagate ātmaikatve

pramāṇārthaścābhyupagato bhavatā yadātmaikatvamabhyupagacchatā .

tadabhyupagame ca kalpanānupapattimāha śāstram . yatra tvasya

sarvamātmaivābhūttatkena kaṁ paśyet?

ityādiśāstrapraṇayanādyupapattiñcāha . anyatra

paramārthavastusvarūpādavidyāviṣaye yatra hi dvaitamiva bhavatītyādi .

vistarato vājasaneyake . vibhakte vidyā’vidye parāpare ityādāveva

śāstrasyāto na tārkikavādabhaṭapraveśaḥ vedāntarājapramāṇabāhugupte

ihārtmakatvaviṣaya iti .

etenāvidyākṛtanāmarūpādyupādhikṛtānekaśaktisādhanakṛtabhedavattvādb

rahmaṇaḥ sṛṣṭyādikartṛtve sādhanādyabhāvo doṣaḥ pratyukto veditavyaḥ

parairukta ātmānarthakartṛtvādidoṣaśca . yastu dṛṣṭānto rājñaḥ

sarvārthakāriṇi kartṛtvādyupacārādrājā karteti so’trānupapannaḥ . sa

īkṣāñcakra iti śrutermukhyārthabādhanātpramāṇabhūtāyāḥ tatra hi gauṇī

kalpanā . śabdasya, yatra mukhyārtho na sambhavati . iha tvacetanasya

muktabaddhapuruṣaviśeṣāpekṣayā kartṛkarmadeśakālanimittāpekṣayā ca

bandhamokṣādiphalārthā niyatā puruṣaṁ prati pravṛttirnopapadyate .

yathoktasarvajñeśvarakartṛtvapakṣe tūpapannā, īśvareṇaiva sarvādhikārī

prāṇaḥ puruṣeṇa sṛjyate . kathaṁ? sa puruṣa uktaprakāreṇekṣitvā

prāṇaṁ 1 hiraṇyagarbhākhyaṁ

sarvaprāṇikaraṇādhāramantarātmānamasṛjata sṛṣṭavān, atraḥ prāṇāt

śraddhāṁ 2 sarvaprāṇināṁ śubhakarmapravṛttihetubhūtām . tataḥ

karmaphalopabhogasādhanādhiṣṭhānāni kāraṇabhūtāni

mahābhūtānyasṛjata . khaṁ 3 śabdaguṇaṁ vāyuṁ 4 svena sparśena

kāraṇaguṇena ca viśiṣṭaṁ dviguṇam . tathā jyotiḥ 5 svena rūpeṇa

pūrvābhyāñca śabdasparśābhyām viśiṣṭaṁ triguṇaṁ tathā»po 6 rasena

guṇenāsādhāraṇena pūrvaguṇānupraveśena caturguṇāḥ . tathā gandhena

pūrbaguṇānupraveśena pañcaguṇā pṛthivī 7 . tathā taireva

bhūtairārabdhamindriyaṁ 8 dviprakāraṁ buddhyarthaṁ karmārthañca

daśasaṅkhyam . tasya ceśvaramantaḥsthaṁ saṁśayasaṅkalpādilakṣaṇaṁ

manaḥ 9 . evaṁ prāṇināṁ kāryaṁ karaṇañca sṛṣṭvā tatsthityarthaṁ

vrīhiyavādilakṣaṇamannam 10 . tataścānnādadyamānādvīryaṁ 11

sāmarthyaṁ balaṁ sarvakarmapravṛttisādhanam . tadvīryavatāñca

prāṇināṁ tapaḥ 12 viśuddhisādhanaṁ saṅkīryamāṇānāṁ, mantrā 13

stapoviśuddhāntarvahiḥkaraṇebhyaḥ karmasādhanametā

ṛgyajuḥsāmātharvāṅgirasaḥ . tataḥ karma 14 agnihotrādilakṣaṇam . tato

lokāḥ 15 karmaṇāṁ phalam . teṣu ca sṛṣṭānāṁ prāṇināṁ nāma 16 ca

devadatto yajñadattaityādi . evametāḥ kalāḥ

prāṇināmavidyādidoṣavījāpekṣayā sṛṣṭāstaimirikadṛṣṭisṛṣṭā iva

dvicandramaśakamakṣikādyāḥ svapnadṛksṛṣṭā iva ca sarve padārthāḥ

punastasminneva puruṣe pralīyante hitvā nāmarūpādivibhāgam bhā° . sa

yathemā nadyaḥ syandamānāḥ samudrāyaṇāḥ samudraṁ prāpyāstaṁ

gacchanti, bhidyete tāsāṁ nāmarūpe samudra ityevaṁ procyate .

evamevāsya paridraṣṭurimāḥ ṣoḍaśa kalāḥ puruṣāyaṇāḥ puruṣaṁ

prāpyāstaṁ gacchanti, bhidyete tāsāṁ nāmarūpe puruṣa ityevaṁ

procyate, sa eṣo’kalo’mṛto bhavati, tadeṣa ślokaḥ

kathaṁ sa dṛṣṭāntaḥ? yathā loke imā nadyaḥ syandamānāḥ

sravantyaḥ samudrāyaṇāḥ samudro’yanaṁ gatirātmabhāvo yāsāṁ tāḥ

samudrāyaṇāḥ samudraṁ prāpyopagamyāstaṁ nāmarūpatiraskāraṁ

gacchanti . tāsāñcāstaṁ gatānāṁ bhidyete vinaśyete nāmarūpe

gaṅgāyamunetyādilakṣaṇe . tadbhede samudra ityevaṁ procyate

tadvastūdakalakṣaṇameva, yathā’yaṁ dṛṣṭāntaḥ . uktalakṣaṇasya

prakṛtasya puruṣasyaparidraṣṭuḥ pari samantāddraṣṭurdarśanasya kartuḥ

svarūpabhūtasya . yathārkaḥ svātmaprakāśasya kartā tadvad, imā ṣoḍaśa

kalāḥ prāṇādyāḥ uktāḥ kalāḥ puruṣāyaṇā nadīnāmiva samudraḥ

puruṣo’yanamātmabhāvagamanaṁ yāsāṁ kalānāṁ tāḥ puruṣāyaṇāḥ

puruṣaṁ prāpya puruṣātmabhāvamupagamya tathaivāstaṁ gacchanti .

bhidyete tāsāṁ nāmarūpe kalānāṁ prāṇādyākhyā rūpañca .

yathāsvabhede ca nāmarūpayoryadanaṣṭaṁ tattvaṁ puruṣa ityeva

procyate brahmavidbhiḥ . ya evaṁ vidvān guruṇā

pradarśitakalapralayamārgaḥ sa eṣa vidyayā

pravilāpitāsvavidyākāmakarmajanitāsu

prāṇādikalāsvakalo’vidyākṛtakalānimitto hi

mṛtyustadapagame’kalatvādevāmṛto bhavati . tadetasminnarthe eṣa

ślokaḥ bhā° . arā iva rathanābhau kalā yasmin pratiṣṭhitāḥ . taṁ vedyaṁ

puruṣaṁ veda yathā bhā vo mṛtyuḥ parivyatha upa° . arā

rathacakraparikarā iva rathanābhau rathacakrasya nābhau yathā

praveśitāstadāśrayā bhavanti yathā tathetyarthaḥ . kalāḥ prāṇādyā

yasmin puruṣe pratiṣṭhitā utpattisthitilayakāleṣu taṁ puruṣaṁ

kalānāmātmabhūtaṁ vedyaṁ vedanīyaṁ pūrṇatvāt puruṣaṁ puri

śayanādvā veda jānīyāt . yathā he śiṣyā vo yuṣmānmṛtyurmā parivyathā

mā parivyathayatu . vyathāmāpannā duḥkhina eva yūyaṁ stha atastanmā

bhūd yuṣmākamityabhiprāyaḥ bhā° .

tathā ca prāṇaḥ 1 śraddhā 2 vyoma 3 vāyuḥ 4 tejaḥ 5 jalaṁ 6 pṛthivī 7

indriyaṁ 8 manaḥ 9 annam 10 vīryam 11 tapaḥ 12 mantrāḥ 13 karma 14

lokaḥ 15 . nāma 16 ityetā prāṇādināmāntāḥ ṣoḍaśa kalāḥ puruṣasya

upādhaya iti sthitam . gatāḥ kalāḥ pañcadaśa pratiṣṭhām śrutiḥ 3

aṁśamātre ca prācī dik kalā dakṣiṇā dik kalodīcīdikkalaiṣa saumya!

catuṣkalaḥ pādo brahmaṇaḥ prakāśavānnāma sa ya etamevaṁ

vidvāṁścatuṣakalaṁ pādaṁ brahmaṇaḥ prakāśavānityupāste

prakāśavānasmiṁlloke bhavati prakāśavato ha lokāñjayati ya eta

mevaṁvidvāṁścatuṣkalaṁ pādaṁ brahmaṇaḥ prakāśavānityupāste

pṛthivī kalā’ntarikṣaṁ kalā dyauḥ kalā samudraḥ kalaiṣa vai saumya!

catuṣkalaḥ pādobrahmaṇo’nantavānnāma . sa ya

etamevaṁvidvāṁścatuṣkalaṁ pādaṁ

brahmaṇo’nantavānityupāste’nantavānasmiṁlloke bhavatyanantavato ha

lokāñjayati ya etamevaṁvidvāṁścatuṣkalaṁ pādaṁ

brahmaṇo’nantavānityupāste . agniḥ kalā sūryaḥ kalā candraḥ kalā

vidyutkalaiṣa vai saumya! catuṣkalaḥ pādo brahmaṇo jyotiṣmānnāma sa

ya etamevaṁvidvāṁścatuṣkalaṁ pādaṁ brahmaṇojyotiṣmānityupāste

jyotiṣmānasmilloṁke bhavati jyotiṣmato ha lokāñjayati ya

etamevaṁvidvāṁścatuṣkalaṁ pādaṁ brahmaṇo jyotiṣmānityupāste .

prāṇaḥ kalā cakṣuḥ kalā śrotraṁ kalā manaḥ kalaiṣa vai saumya!

catuṣkalaḥ pādobrahmaṇa āyatanavānnāma sa ya etameva vidvāṁ

ścatuṣkalaṁ pādaṁ brahmaṇa āyatanavānityupāste

āyatanavānasmilloṁke bhavatyāyatanavato lokāñjayati ya

etamevaṁvidvāṁścatuṣkalaṁ pādaṁ brahmaṇa āyatanavānityupāste .

avatāraśabde bhūri udāharaṇam dṛśyam . paladvayātmake 4

kālāṁśabhede sa ca si° śi° darśitoyathāyo’kṣṇornimeṣasya kharāma 30

bhāgaḥ sa tatparastacchatabhāga uktā . truṭirnimeṣairdhṛtibhi 18 śca

kāṣṭhā tattriṁśatā sadgaṇakaiḥ kaloktā . triṁ śatkalā»rkṣī ghaṭikā kṣaṇaḥ

syānnāḍīdvayaṁ taiḥ khaguṇai 30 rdinaṁ ca . gurvakṣaraiḥ khendumitai

10 rasustaiḥ ṣaḍibhaḥ palaṁ tairghaṭikā khaṣaḍbhiḥ 60 . syādvā

ghaṭīṣaṣṭirahakharāmai 30 rmāso dinaistairdvikubhi 12 śca varṣam .

kṣetre samādyena samā vibhāgāḥ syuścakrarāśyaṁśakalāviliptāḥ śi° .

yo’kṣṇorlocanayoḥ pakṣmapātaḥ sa nimeṣaḥ . sa yāvatā kālena

niṣpadyate tāvān kālo’pi nimeṣaśabdenocyate upacārāt . tasya

triṁśadvibhāgastatparasaṁjñaḥ tatparasya śatāṁśastruṭiriti . atha ca

nimeṣairaṣṭādaśabhiḥ kāṣṭhā . kvacicchāstrāntare tithibhiriti pāṭhaḥ .

kāṣṭhātriṁśatā kaloktā . kalānāṁ triṁśatā ghaṭikā . sācākṣīṁ

bhabhramasya ṣaṣṭibhāga ityarthaḥ . ghaṭikādvayena kṣaṇo muhūrtaḥ .

kṣaṇānāṁ triṁśatā dinam . atha prakārāntareṇa dinamucyate .

gurvakṣaraiḥ khendumitaiḥ 10 asuriti . ekamātrolaghuḥ dvimātro guruḥ .

tathā sānusvārī visargānto dīrghoyuktaparastu yaḥ iti chandolakṣaṇe

pratipāditam yadakṣaraṁ sānusvāraṁ visargāntaṁ dīrghaṁ

yasyākṣarasya parataḥ saṁyogastallaghvapi gurusaṁjñaṁ jñeyam .

gurvakṣarasyoccāryamāṇasya yāvān kālastaddaśakenaiko’suḥ prāṇaḥ .

praśastendriyapuruṣasya śvāsocchvāsāntarvartī kālaityarthaḥ . ṣaḍbhiḥ

prāṇairekaṁ pānīyapalam . palānāṁ ṣaṣṭyā dhaṭī . ghaṭīnāṁ ṣaṣṭyā

dinam . triṁśaddinairekomāsaḥ . māsairdvādaśabhirvarṣamiti kālasya

vibhāgo darśitaḥ prami° . ahno’stamayavelāyāṁ kalāmātrā’pi yā tithiḥ

kālamā° vyāsaḥ . pratipalleśamātreṇa kalāmātreṇa cāṣṭamī paṭhanti . sa

ca trīṇi trīṇi kalāsahasrāṇi pañcadaśa ca kalā ekaikasmin

dhātāvavatiṣṭhate iti suśru° . aṣṭādaśa sahasrāṇi saṁkhyā cāsmin

samuccaye . kalānāṁ navatiḥ proktā suśru° . vikalānāṁ kalā ṣaṣṭyā

tatṣaṣṭyā bhāga ucyate . tattriṁśatā bhavedrāśirbhagaṇodvādaśaiva te

sū° si° . ukte rāśicakrasya 216000 mite bhāge ca kṣetre samādyena samā

vibhāgā ityādi śi° kṣetre kakṣāyāṁ samādyena varṣādyena samāstulyāḥ

kṣetravibhāgā jñeyāḥ . te ke . cakrarāśyaṁśakalāviliptāḥ . yathaikasya

varṣasva māsadinādayo vibhāgā evaṁ bhagaṇasya rāśyaṁśādayaḥ

prami° . si° śi° ukte dinamānajñānopayogini dinajyāguṇite

vyāsārdhabhakte sūtrātmake 6 padārthe ca yathā— uktā

prabhābhimatadiṅniyamena tāvat tāmeva kālaniyamena ca vacim bhūyaḥ

. syādunnataṁ dyugataśeṣakayoryaṁdalpaṁ tenonitaṁ dinadalaṁ

natasaṁjñakaṁ ca . athonnatādūnayutāccareṇa

kramādudagdahiṇagolayorjyā . syāt sūtrametadguṇitaṁ dyumaurvyā

vyāsārdhabhaktaṁ ca kalābhidhānam śi° divasasya yadgataṁ yacca

śeṣaṁ tayoryadalpaṁ tadunnatasaṁjñaṁ jñeyaṁ tenonnatenonīkṛtaṁ

dinadalapramāṇaṁ tannatasaṁjñaṁ bhavati .

athonnatādunnatakālāduttaragole careṇonitātdakṣiṇe yutādyā jyā tat

sūtram sā sūtrasaṁjñetyarthaḥ . tat sūtraṁ dyujyayā guṇitaṁ trijyayā

bhaktaṁ kalāsajñaṁ bhavati . atropapattiḥ . yasmin kāle chāyā sādhyā

tasmin kāle svāhorātravṛtte yāvatībhirghaṭikābhiḥ kṣitijādunnato

ravistāsāmunnatasaṁjñā . yena kālena madhyāhnānnatastasya natasaṁ

jñā . atha careṇa madhyāhnānnatayutasyonnatakālasya kila jyā sādhyā sā

ca jyāmadhyāvadhirbhavati . sa ca

madhyapradeśo’horātravṛttasyonmaṇḍalasaṁpāte bhavati . yata

unmaṇḍalasaṁpātābhyāmūrdhvamahorātravṛttasyārdhamadho’rdham .

ata unmaṇḍalāvadhirjīvā sādhyā . kṣitijonmaṇḍalayorantaraṁ carārdham .

ataścarārdhena varjitādunnatāduttaragole, dakṣiṇe tu yutāt . yata

uttaragole kṣitijāduparyunmaṇḍalam dakṣiṇe’dhaḥ . tasmāt kālād yā jyā

sādhitā sā trijyāvṛttapariṇatā . sā ca sūtrasaṁjñā . atha yadi trijyāvṛtte

etāvatī, tadā dyujyāvṛtte kiyatītyanupātena dyujyāvṛttapariṇatā . sā ca

kalāsaṁjñā . idānīṁ prakārāntareṇa kalā tasyāśceṣṭayaṣṭimāha prami° .

sūtraṁ kujīvāguṇitaṁ vibhaktaṁ carajyayā syādathavā kalā sā . kalā

palakṣetrajakoṭinighnī tatkarṇabhaktā bhavatīṁṣṭayaṣṭiḥ śi° . athavā tat

sūtraṁ kujyayā guṇitaṁ carajyayā maktaṁ sat kalā mavati . sā

kalāṣṭadhā palakṣetrakoṭibhirguṇyā svasvakarṇena bhājyā

phalamaṣṭadheṣṭayaṣṭirbhavati . atropapattiḥ . atra carajyākujye

trijyādyujyāpariṇate . atastābhyāṁ cānupātaḥ . yadi carajyayā kujyā

labhyate tadā sūtreṇa kimiti . phalaṁ kalā . sā kalā’horātravṛtte jyā . sā

palavaśādakṣakarṇavat tiraścīṁnāṁ jātā . atha tasyāḥ

koṭisūtramātramāneyam . tatrānupātaḥ . yadi palakṣetrakarṇena

tatkoṭirlabhyate tadā kalākarṇena kimiti .

phalamunmaṇḍalaśaṅkṛgrasamasūtrāduparyarkabimbādadha ūrdhvaṁ

koṭirūpaṁ bhavati . tasyeṣṭayaṣṭisaṁjñā prami° . snāyubhiśca

praticchannān santatāṁśca jarāyuṇā . śleṣmaṇā veṣṭitāścāpi

kalābhāgāṁstu tān viduḥ . dhātvāśayāntare dhātoryaḥkledastvadhitiṣṭhati

. dehoṣmaṇābhipakvaśca sā kaletyabhidhīyate bhāvapra° ukte dehasthe

dhātvāśayāntarasthe 7 dhātukledabhede tadbhedāśca tatraivoktāḥ . ādyā

māṁsadharā proktā dvitīyā raktadhāriṇī . medodharā tṛtīyā tu caturthī

śleṣmadhāriṇī . pañcamī ca malaṁ dhatte ṣaṣṭhī pittadharā matā .

retodharā saptamī syāditi sapta kalāḥ smṛtāḥ 8

ekamātrātmakalaghuvarṇe ṣaḍviṣame’ṣṭau same kalāstāśca same’syurno

nirantarāḥ . na samātra parāśritā kalā sarvagurvantamadhyādiguravo’tra

catuṣkalāḥ . jñayāścaturlaghūpetā pañcāryādiṣu saṁsthitāḥ iti ca vṛttara°

ṛṇaprayoge mūladhanādadhike āyatvenādhamarṇena uttamarṇāya

dīyamāne 9 vṛddhirūpe (suda) padārthe medi° . māse śatasya yadi pañca

kalāntaraṁ syāt līlā° 10 strīrajasi 11 naukāyāṁ 12 kapaṭe ca viśvaḥ . 13

gītādividyābhede sā ca catuḥṣaṣṭi 64 vidhā śaivatantroktā yathā—1 gītam

2 vādyam 3 nṛtyam 4 nāṭyam . 5 ālekhyam 6 viśoṣakacchedyam 7

taṇḍulakusumayalivikārāḥ 8 puṣpāstaraṇam 9 daśanavasanāṅgarāgāḥ 10

maṇibhūmikākarma 11 śayanaracanam 12 udakavādyam 13 udakaghātaḥ

14 citrāyogāḥ 15 mālyagrathanavikalpāḥ 16 keśaśekharāpīḍayojanam 17

nepathyayogāḥ 18 karṇapatrabhaṅgāḥ 19 gandhayuktiḥ 20

bhūṣaṇayojanam 21 indrajālam 22 kaucumārayogāḥ 23 hastalāghavam 24

citraśākāpūpabhakṣyavikārakriyā 25 pānakarasarāgāsavayojanam 26

sūcīvāpakarma 27 vīṇāḍamarukasūtrakrīḍā 28 prahelikā 29 pratimā 30

durvacakayogāḥ 31 pustakavācanam 32 nāṭikākhyāyikādarśanam 33

kāvyasamasyāpūraṇam 34 paṭṭikāvetravāṇavikalpāḥ 35 tarkūkarmāṇi 36

takṣaṇam 37 vāstuvidyā 38 rūpyaratnaparīkṣā 39 dhātuvādaḥ 40

maṇirāgajñānam 41 ākarajñānam 42 vṛkṣāyurvedayogāḥ 43

meṣakukkuṭalāvakayuddhavidhiṁ 44 śukasārikāpralāpanam 45 utsādanam

46 keśamārjanakauśalam 47 akṣaramuṣṭikākathanam 48 mlecchitaka

vikalpāḥ 49 deśabhāṣājñānam 50 puṣpa śakaṭikānimittajñānam 51 (atra

nimittajñānamiti pṛthak kecit paṭhanti) . yantramātṛkā 52 dhāraṇamātṛkā

53 sampāṭyam 54 mānasī kāvyakriyā 55 kriyāvikalpāḥ 56 chalitakayogāḥ

57 abhidhānakoṣacchandojñānam . 58 vastragopanāni 59 dyūtaviśeṣaḥ 60

ākarṣaṇakrīḍā 61 bālakakrīḍanakāni 62 vaināyikīnāṁ vidyānāṁ jñānam 63

vaijayikīnāṁ vidyānāṁ jñānam 64 vaitālikīnāṁ vidyānāṁ jñānam iti

bhāga° 945 a° 28 ślo° ṭīkāyāṁ śrīdharalikhitāḥ . kvacit pustake

sūcīvāpakarmasūtrakrīḍetyekaṁ padam taduttaraṁ

vīṇāḍamarukavādyānīti . vaitālikīnāmityatra vaiyāsikīnāmiti ca pāṭho

dṛśyate . ahorātraiścatuḥṣaṣṭyā saṁyatau tāvatīḥ kalāḥ bhāga° 10, 45, 28

. catuḥṣaṣṭyaṅgamadadat kalājñānaṁ mamādbhutam bhā° anu° 18 a° .

adhigata kalākalāpakam kāṁda° . catuḥṣaṣṭikalāvidyā

īśvarīprītivardhanam gāyatrīkavacam .

भूप — bhūpa Monier-Williams, Monier: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1899bhūpa «bhū-pa» m. «earth-protector», a king, prince &c.

m. a term for the number sixteen

bhūpa «bhū-pa» m. «-pādi-skandha-lakṣaṇa» n. N. of wk.

bhūpa «bhū-pa» m. «-pāṣṭa» m. «liked by kings», a kind of tree

Böhtlingk und Roth: Großes Petersburger Wörterbuch

bhūpa (2. bhū + 2. pa) m. «Hüter der Erde, — des Landes, König, Fürst»

AK. 2, 8, 1, 1. 3, 4, 14, 64. H. 690. VARĀH. BṚH. S. 15, 2. 35, 7. Spr. 95.

1593. 1748. 5000. 5382. KATHĀS. 4, 85. 13, 183. 17, 32. 40, 44. RĀJA-

TAR. 1, 120. 136. 3, 13. MĀRK. P. 19, 3. 20, 7. 23, 115. 125, 23. LA. (II)

89, 15.

Benfey, Theodor: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London : 1866

bhūpa bhū-pa (vb. 3. pā), m. A king, prince, Daśak. in Chr. 193, 22.

Cappeller, Carl: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, based upon the St.

Petersburg Lexicons. Strassburg : 1891

bhūpa m. earth-protector, king.

Bhaṭṭācārya: Vācaspatyam (6 Vol). Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series 94,

reprint of the 1873-1884 edition. Varanasi : 1962

bhūpa pu° bhuvaṁ pāti pā ka . bhūmipāle amaraḥ bhūmipādayopyatra .

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